XU Bing 徐冰 

An important figure among contemporary Chinese artists, XU Bing expresses precise criticism and thoughts in his works with unique subtlety and wit, through which the viewer can sense an extraordinary panache and personality. He is especially attuned to the role words and the substance of writing play in shaping values and culture of a society. Once he wrote, “To touch words is to touch the foundation of culture. To reconstruct words is to reconstruct the very part of human thought. This is a real ‘Cultural Revolution’.” From traditional Chinese woodcuts, contemporary installation of ready-made objects, square Chinese characters invented by the artist, to the organism medium, XU Bing combines various forms of art to convey his philosophical and artist thoughts. He had been awarded the MacArthur Award in 1999, Fukuoka Asian Culture Prize in 2003, Artes Mundi Prize in 2004 and Southern Graphics Council Lifetime Achievement Award in 2006. He is now Vice President of Central Academy of Fine Art in Beijing, China.

  • 1955 Born in Chongqing, Zhejiang province, China
  • 1957 Moved to Beijing, China
  • 1990 Moved to USA
  • 2008-2014 Appointed Vice President of the Central Academy of Fine Arts, Beijing, China
  • 2014~ Director of Academic Committee, Central Academy of Fine Arts, Beijing, China
  • Currently living and working in Beijing and New York

EDUCATION

  • 1987 MFA Central Academy of Fine Art, Beijing, China
  • 1981 BFA Central Academy of Fine Art, Beijing, China

SOLO EXHIBITIONS

    2019

  • “Xu Bing: Thought and Method”, Museum MACAN, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • “Xu Bing: Art for the People”, Center del Carme, Valencia, Spain
    2018

  • “Xu Bing: Thought and Method”, Ullens Center for Contemporary Art, Beijing, China
  • “Sculpture 21st: Xu Bing. Dragonfly Eyes”, Lehmbruck Museum, Duisburg, Germany
  • “Xu Bing: Language and Nature”, Ink Studio, Beijing, China
    2017

  • “Xu Bing”, The United Art Museum, Wuhan, China
  • “Language & the Art of Xu Bing”, Museu de Arte de Macau, Macau, China
  • “performing ART”, Oil Street Artspace Hong Kong, China
    2016

  • “Traveling to the Wonderland”, Shunyi Olympic Rowing-Canoeing Park, Beijing, China
  • “Xu Bing: Book from the Ground”, Centre for Chinese Contemporary Art, London, UK
  • “Xu Bing: Book from the Sky”, Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, Texas, USA
    2015

  • “Xu Bing, Background Story: A New Approach to Landscape Painting”, Chazen Museum of Art, Madison, USA
  • “Writing Between Heaven and Earth, Florida International University”, Frost Art Museum, Miami, USA
  • “Things Are Not What They First Appear”, SCAD Museum of Art, Savannah, USA
  • “Bird Languages”, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, UK
  • “Book from the Ground Concept Store”, K11 Art Space, Hong Kong, China
    2014

  • “The Language of Xu Bing”, LACMA, Los Angeles, USA
  • “Metamorphosis: The Art of Xu Bing”, Hong Kong Asia Society, Hong Kong, China
  • “Phoenix: Xu Bing at the Cathedral”, Cathedral Church of Saint John the Devine, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: A Retrospective”, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Research Exhibition on Background Story”, Inside Out Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Forest Project of Xu Bing and Children”, National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Background Story: Nan Shan Cui Ping”, Long Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “Book about The Book from the Ground”, Bank/Mabsociety, Shanghai, China
    2013

  • “Travelling to the Wonderland”, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK
  • “Xu Bing: Landscape Landscript”, Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  • “Xu Bing: Phoenix”, MASS MoCA, North Adams, USA
  • “Living Word”, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore
    2012

  • “Xu Bing Phoenix”, MASS MoCA, North Adams, USA
  • “Book from the Ground: from point to point”, Shanghai Gallery of Art, Shanghai, China
  • “XU Bing: Book from the Sky to Book from the Ground”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Xu Bing: Square Word Calligraphy”, Katonah Museum of Art, Katonah, USA
  • “The Art of Rewriting China”, Carlsten Art Gallery, University of Wisconsin-Steven Point, Steven Point, USA
  • “Tobacco Project 4”, Aldrich Contemporary Art Museum, Ridgefield, Connecticut, USA
  • “Forest Project & Book from the Ground”, 30th San Paulo Biennial, San Paulo, Brazil
  • “Out of Character: Decoding Chinese Calligraphy”, Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, USA
    2011

  • “Xu Bing: Square Word Calligraphy Classroom”, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Art Gallery, Columbia University, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Where Does the Dust Itself Collect?”, Spinning Wheel Building, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Tobacco Project”, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, USA
  • “The Living Word”, Morgan Library & Museum, New York, USA
  • “An Installation by Xu Bing: Background Story 7”, British Museum, London, UK
    2010

  • “Xu Bing Aerial Phoenix Project”, Today Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Phoenix Project”, Baosteel Stage, Shanghai Expo, Shanghai, China
    2009

  • “Xu Bing Forest Project Exhibition”, He Xiangning Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
  • “Xu Bing: The Path of Repetition and the Imprint”, Today Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Reading Space: The Art of Xu Bing”, Clifford Gallery, Colgate University, New York, USA
    2008

  • “Xu Bing”, Middlebury College Museum of Art, Middlebury, USA
  • “Xu Bing”, Albion Gallery, London, UK
  • “Xu Bing Selected Works, 1987—2007”, Richard A. and Rissa W. Grossman Gallery, Lafayette College, Easton, USA
  • “Picturing Equality: Xu Bing’s New Ways of Seeing”, Sawhill Gallery, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, USA
    2007

  • “‘Book from the Sky’ to ‘Book from the Ground’: The Book Works of Xu Bing”, Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas, Lawrence, USA
    2006

  • “Xu Bing”, Suzhou Museum, Suzhou, China
  • “Any Opinions”Installation, Davis Museum and Cultural Center, Wellesley College, Wellesley, USA
    2005

  • “Ghosts Pounding the Wall - Xu Bing’s Work”, Today Art Museum, Beijing, China
    2004

  • “Xu Bing: The Glassy Surface of a Lake”, Elvehjem Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, USA
  • “Xu Bing Tobacco Project: Shanghai”, Shanghai Gallery of Art, Shanghai, China
  • “Xu Bing”, Yokohama Portside Gallery, Yokohama, Japan
  • “Xu Bing in Berlin”, Museum für Ostasiatische Kunst, Berlin, Germany
  • “Xu Bing: El Pozo de la Verdad / The Well of Truth”, Sala La Gallera, Valencia, Spain
  • “Xu Bing: Three Installations”, Elvehjem Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, USA
    2003

  • “Xu Bing”, Chinese Arts Centre, Manchester, UK
  • “Xu Bing”, Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan
  • “Xu Bing”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “‘Book from the Sky’ Installation”, Princeton University Art Museum, New Jersey, USA
    2002

  • “Myers School of Art Faculty Exhibition: Xu Bing”, Emily Davis Gallery, University of Akron, Akron, USA
  • “Classroom Calligraphy”, Daryl Reich Rubenstein Gallery, Sidwell Friends School, Washington D.C., USA
  • “Xu Bing”, Commons Gallery, University of Hawai‘i, Hawaii, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Living Word 2”, Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, Ithaca, USA
    2001

  • “Word Play: Contemporary Art by Xu Bing”, Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA
  • “Xu Bing: Prints and Books”, Portland Institute of Contemporary Art (PICA), Portland, USA
  • “Xu Bing: One-Man Show”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Xu Bing: Reading Landscape”, North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, USA
  • “Xu Bing”, Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan
    2000

  • “The Tobacco Project: A Series of Installations Created by Xu Bing”, Duke Homestead & Tobacco Museum, Perkins Library Gallery, Duke University, Durham, USA
  • “Installation of Lost Letters at 52”, Frankfurter Buchmesse, Frankfurt, Germany
  • “Book from the Sky & Classroom Calligraphy/Sü Ping kniha z nebe a kaligrafická třída”, National Gallery of Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
    1999

  • “Calligraphy for the People: A Site Specific Installation”, Bates College Museum of Art, Lewiston, USA
    1998

  • “Xu Bing: Square Word Poetry”, Ethan Cohen Fine Art, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Introduction to Square Word Calligraphy”, New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Panda Zoo”, Jack Tilton Gallery, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Cultural Animal”, Wood Street Galleries, Pittsburgh, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Recent Projects”, California Institute for the Arts, California, USA
    1997

  • “The Net: A Collaborative Installation by Xu Bing”, Tarble Arts Center, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, USA
  • “An Installation by Xu Bing: Another Language of Art”, Allen Priebe Gallery, University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh, Oshkosh, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Square Word Calligraphy”, Hanart TZ Gallery, Hong Kong, China
  • “Xu Bing”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Classroom Calligraphy”, Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró, Mallorca, Spain
  • “Xu Bing: Lost Letters”, Asian Fine Arts Factory, Berlin, Germany
  • “Installation by Xu Bing”, Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA), London, UK
  • “Xu Bing”, Galería Charpa, Valencia, Spain
    1996

  • “Xu Bing: A Case Study of Transference Performance”, Ethan Cohen Fine Arts, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Learn Square Words”, Marstall Performance Centre, Munich, Germany
    1995

  • “Xu Bing”, Randolph Street Gallery, Chicago, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Post Testament Installation”, North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Language Lost”, Huntington Gallery, Massachusetts College of Art, Boston, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Recent Project”, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, USA
  • “Xu Bing”, Dille Center for the Arts, Moorhead State University, Moorhead, USA
  • “American Silkworm Series 2”, Xu Bing Studio, New York, USA
  • “A Case Study of Transference 2”, Yongfeng Hogpen, Beijing, China
    1994

  • “Xu Bing: Recent Work”, Bronx Museum of the Arts, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Cultural Negotiations”, Art Center College of Design, Pasadena, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Experimental Exhibition”, Hanmo Art Center, Beijing, China
    1993

  • “Xu Bing: A Home Away from Home”, North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Le Livre du Ciel”, La Galerie Bellefroid, Paris, France
    1992

  • “Xu Bing”, North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks, USA
    1991

  • “Three Installations by Xu Bing”, Elvehjem Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, USA
  • “Xu Bing”, Chinese Modern Art Center, Osaka, Japan
  • “Xu Bing, Book of Heaven”, D. P. Fong & Spratt Galleries, San Jose, USA
  • “Xu Bing”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
    1990

  • “Exhibition of Xu Bing’s Prints”, Lung Men Art Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
    1988

  • “Xu Bing Prints”, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
  • “Xu Bing Print Exhibition”, Lung Men Art Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan

GROUP EXHIBITIONS

    2019

  • “The Allure of Matter: Material Art From China” Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), Los Angeles, traveled to Smart Museum of Art at the University of Chicago and Wrightwood 659, Chicago; Seattle Art Museum, Seattle; Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, USA
  • “A Confrontation of Ideals” 2nd Anren Biennale, Anren, Chengdu, China
  • “Ways of Seeing”, CHAO Art Center, Beijing, China
  • Useless space, Shanghai, China
  • “Out of Ink: Interpretations from Chinese contemporary art”, Pera Museum, Istanbul, Turkey
  • “China Landscape: Selections from the Taikang Collection 2019”, 798 Art Zone, Beijing, China
  • “Evolutionary Tradition – Asian contemporary Printmaking Exhibition”, Museum of Sichuan Fine Arts Institute, Chongqing, China
    2018

  • “Chengdu x the Central Pompidou: ‘Cosmopolis #1.5: Enlarged Intelligence’ ” Eastern Suburb Memory, Chengdu, China
  • “Duration, Passage, Persistence, Survival” Cornell Council for the Arts 2018 Biennial, The Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Ithaca, USA
  • “Divided We Stand, Museum of Contemporary” 2018 Busan Biennale, Art Busan, Busan, Korea
  • “Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennial, Echigo-Tsumari Art Field”, Niigata, Japan
  • “INTERSECTION: International Art and Culture”, Arthur M. Sackler Museum of Art and Archaeology at Peking University, Beijing, China
  • “Yukihito Tabata with Chinese Contemporary Art (1989-2018)”, Tokyo Gallery + BTAP, Beijing, China
  • “New Ink Art in China 1978 – 2018”, Beijing Minsheng Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Video Collage-Found Footage – Shared Moving Image” 4th Shenzhen Independent Animation Biennale, OCT-LOFT, Shenzhen, China
  • “40×40:From 1978 to 2018 – Shaped by 40 Artists Art History”, Powerlong Art Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “Troubled Intentions Ahead: Confusing Public and Private” 3rd Beijing Photo Biennial, The Culture Industry Center of Beizhen, Beizhen, Museum of Central Academy of Art, Beijing, China
  • “Turning Point – 40 Years of Chinese Contemporary Art”, Long Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “LOVE Long: Robert Indiana and Asia”, Asia Society Hong Kong Centre, Hong Kong, China
  • “All Things Grow”, Fuyan Commune, Beijing, China
    2017

  • “Art and China after 1989: Theater of the World”, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
  • “LANDMARK: Mapping Contemporary Chinese Art”, Guardian Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “The Research Exhibition of Chinese Contemporary Art Master’s Manuscripts (First Chapter)”, Triumph Gallery, Beijing, China
  • “Asian Impression: Chinese, Japanese and South Korean Contemporary Art Exhibition”, Long Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “Today’s Yesterday: The rhetoric of family tree” Anren Biennale, Anren, Chengdu, China
  • “BEING INFORMATION”, SSSSTART, Shanghai, China
  • “Maitreya Karuna & Prajna”, Shanghai Gallery of Art, Shanghai, China
  • “57th Venice Biennale Collateral Event-Memory and Contemporaneity”, Arsenale, Tese 98-99, Venice, Italy
  • “Baton: Works of Intangible Cultural Heritage Works Presented to Elementary School Students and the Exhibition of Fine Art Education Achievement from ‘Professional Fine Art Grads Participating in Educating the Elementary School Student’ Program”, Shandong Art Gallery, Jinan, China
  • “Collage: The Card Player”, Shanghai Gallery of Art, Shanghai, China
  • “NordArt 2017 – Xu Bing: Poenix”, NordArt, Büdelsdorf, Germany
  • “Luther and the Avantgarde; Contemporary Art in Wittenberg, Berlin and Kassel”, Old Prison, Wittenberg, Germany
  • “Imaginary Asia”, Nam June Paik Art Center, Yongin City, Korea
    2016

  • “Revisiting the Mustard Seed Garden: A Dialogue between ‘Mustard Seed Garden Manual’ and the Contemporary Artists”, National Museum of Classic Books, Beijing, China
  • “Shanghai Project”, Shanghai Himalayas Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “From Painting to Animation”, Suzhou Jinji Lake Art Museum, Suzhou, China
  • “Pulse Reaction II: Discussions on Reality and Realism”, Guangdong Times Museum, Guangzhou, China
  • “Shan Shui Within”, MoCA Shanghai, Shanghai, China
  • “Post-Intellectualism”, Spring Space of Art, Beijing, China
  • “Readymade Paintings”, Ying Art Center, Shanghai, China
  • “Utopia / Heterotopias — Wuzhen Contemporary Art Exhibition”, West Scenic Area, Tongxiang City, China
  • “The Echo of Civilization- Traversing Dunhuang”, Imperial Ancestral Temple Gallery, Beijing, China
  • “Linguistic Pavilion”, Mingsheng Art Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “What About Art?” Contemporary Art from China, Qatar Museum, Doha, Qatar
  • “MashUp: The Birth of Modern Culture”, Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
  • “Beyond Words: Calligraphic Traditions of Asia”, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Australia
  • “The Second China Design Exhibition-Public Art Thematic Exhibition”, Guan Shanyue Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
    2015

  • “The Character of Characters”, Open Art Biennale, Örebro, Sweden
  • “A New Dynasty- Created in China”, ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum, Aarhus, Denmark
  • “Three and One Thirds”, Kylin Contemporary Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “The Translator’s Voice”, MARCO, Museo de Arte Contemporánea de Vigo, Vigo, Spain
  • “All the World’s Futures”, 56th International Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
  • “Along the Line”, Hermes Art Center, Tokyo, Japan
  • “CHINA 8: Contemporary Art from China in the Rhine and Ruhr”, Travelling exhibition, Germany
  • “Fervent China: Contemporary Monumental Sculptures”, Old Slaughterhouse, Mons, Belgium
  • “Tu dois changer ta vie”, Lille 3000, Lille, France
  • “Moving in Time: B3 Plus Beijing”, Museum of Central Academy of Art, Beijing, China
  • “B3 Biennale”, Expanded Senses, Frankfurt, Germany
  • “New Contemporary”, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA
  • “First Look: Collecting Contemporary At the Asian”, Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, USA
    2014

  • “Out of Character: Decoding Chinese Calligraphy- Selections from the Collection of Akiko Yamazaki and Jerry Yang”, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA
  • “Secret Signs: Calligraphy in Chinese Contemporary Art”, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany
  • “Whorled Exploration”, Kochi-Muziris Biennale 2014, Kochi, India
  • “Unscrolled: Reframing Tradition in Chinese Contemporary Art”, Vancouver Art Gallery, Canada
  • “Neo-Mōrōism”, Beijing Tokyo Art Project, Beijing, China
  • “The Third Criticism: Criticism through artistic language”, Times Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “2014 1st Chinese Printmaking Exhibition”, China Engraving Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
  • “Beyond Limits sculpture exhibition”, Sotheby’s Annual Sculpture Selling Exhibition, Chatsworth, Derbyshire, UK
  • “Writing Landscape: 660 Years Since Huang Gongwang’s Departure”, Changshu Arts Gallery, Suzhou, China
  • “West Says East Talks- Chinese Contemporary Art Research Exhibition”, United Art Museum, Wuhan, China
  • “Future Returns: Contemporary Art from China”, Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum, East Lansing, USA
  • “Master Mould and Copy Room”, Museum of Central Academy of Art, Beijing, China
  • “Myth / History”, Yuz Collection of Contemporary Art, Shanghai, China
  • “Bloom: ESLITE GALLERY 25th Anniversary”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Art in the City Exhibition”, K11 Art Space, Shanghai, China
  • “Reset Chinese Contemporary Art”, Soka Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “Spiritual As Mountains”, Pearl Lam Galleries, Hong Kong, China
  • “Art in The City: Book about the Book from the Ground”, BANK / Mabsociety, Shanghai, China
  • “Breeze / Landscape: Invitation & Exhibition of Shangyuan Artists”, Shangyuan Art Museum, Beijing, China
    2013

  • “Rewriting the Landscape_India and China”, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea
  • “Between Character and Calligraphy – OCAT Xi’an Inaugural Exhibition”, OCAT Xi’an, Xi an, China
  • “Ink Art: the Past as Present in Contemporary China”, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, USA
  • “Collateral Event of The 55th International Art Exhibition – La Biennale Di Venezia – The Grand Canal”, Museo Diocesano, Sale Espositive, Venice, Italy
  • “The 55th International Art Exhibition – La Biennale Di Venezia – Ingrandimento”, Palazzo Mora, Venice, Italy
  • “Insightful Charisma”, Himalayas Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “@what – New Contemporary Art form China”, Art MIA Foundation, Beijing, China
  • “Form gesture to language”, Rockbund Art Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “Chinese Contemporary Art Documenta – Contemporary art and process of the society”, Circle Art Center, Shenzhen, China
  • “The World of Soul: As Virtual Art Engineering”, OCT-LOFT, Shenzhen, China
  • “Destruction and Creation”, Soka Art Center, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Extension- 2013 Datong 2nd International Sculpture Biennale”, Shanxi, China
    2012

  • “Real Life Stories”, KodeBergen, Bergen, Norway
  • “Between Character & Calligraphy”, OCT Contemporary Art Terminal, Shenzhen, China
  • “Print / Out”, MoMA, New York, USA
  • “The Printed Image in China, 8th-21st Century”, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA
  • “Paperless”, Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art, Winston-Salem, USA
  • “House of Cards”, Waddesdon Manor, Buckinghamshire, UK
  • “Ink As Model”, Sanchuan Museum, Nanjing, China
  • “Cryptograph: An Exhibition for Alan Turing”, Spencer Museum of Art, Lawrence, USA
  • “Book from the Sky”, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, USA
  • “Out of Character: Decoding Chinese Calligraphy”, Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, USA
  • “The Imminence of Poetics: 30th Sao Paolo Biennale”, Brazilian Art Museum- FAAP, Sao Paolo, Brazil
  • “Do a Book”, White Space, Beijing, China
    2011

  • “Start from the Horizon: Chinese Sculpture Since 1978”, Sishang Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “CAFAM Biennale- Super Organism”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Shanshui – Poretry without Sound? Landscape in Chinese Contemporary Art – Works from Sigg Collection”, Kunstmuseum Luzern, Luzern, Switzerland
  • “Collateral Event of The 54th International Art Exhibition – La Biennale Di Venezia – Future Pass – From Asia to the world”, Abbazia di San Gregorio / Palazzo Mangilli – Valmarana, Venice, Italy
  • “The Second Academic Exhibition of Chinese Contemporary Prints – Print . Concept”, Today Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “A Schema for Printmaking”, Contemporary by Angela Li, Hong Kong, China
  • “Expression of Chinese Contemporary Art”, Today Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “The Significance of Plurality: Chinese Contemporary Printmaking Exhibition”, Cairo International Convention and Exhibition Centre, Cairo, Egypt
    2010

  • “Life / Art Season”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Something Out of Nothing – Ink and Design Exhibition”, Hong Kong Central Library, Hong Kong, China
  • “Fresh Ink: Ten Takes on Chinese Tradition”, Museum of Fine Arts Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  • “Open Studio”, Getty Artists Program, Los Angeles, USA
  • “Courier”, University Art Museum, University at Albany, New York, USA
  • “ZAOXING – Artwork from the Faculty of the Central Academy of Fine Arts”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Awakening: A Group Exhibition of 15 Artists”, Shanghai Expo China Theme Pavilion, Shanghai, China
  • “The Constructed Dimension – 2010 Chinese Contemporary Art Invitational Exhibition”, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
  • “The Printed Image in China: From the 8th to the 21st Centuries”, British Museum, London, UK
  • “Reshaping History: Chinart from 2000 to 2009”, National Convention Center, Beijing, China
  • “Dead or Alive”, Museum of Arts and Design, New York, USA
  • “The Question of Landscape”, Princeton University Art Museum, New Jersey, USA
  • “The Official Opening of Minsheng Art Museum-Thirty Years of Contemporary Chinese Art”, Minsheng Art Museum, Shanghai, China
    2009

  • “Central Academy of Fine Arts 60 years of Drawing”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Museum, Beijing, China
  • “First Linzhou Chinese Ink Biennale”, Shanghai Duolun Museum of Modern Art, Shanghai, China
  • “Out of Bounds: Art from the Collection of Driek and Michael Zirinsky”, Whatcom Museum of History and Art, Washington, USA
  • “In Print”, Dialogue Space, Beijing, China
  • “Collision – Experimental Cases of Contemporary Chinese Art”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Museum, Beijing, China
  • “WRITE NOW!”, Klingspor-Museum, Offenbach, Germany
  • “HERE+NOW: Chinese Artists in New York”, Museum of Chinese in America, New York, USA
  • “Calligraffiti: Writing in Contemporary Chinese and Latino Art”, Pacific Asia Museum, Pasadena, USA
  • “In the 1980s – Wen Pulin Archive of Chinese Avant-garde Art Exhibition”, Shanghai Duolun Museum of Modern Art, Shanghai, China
  • “Fourth Fukuoka Asian Triennale”, Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan
  • “Contemporary Prints: 1999 – 2009”, Today Art Gallery, Beijing, China
  • “First International Exhibition of Contemporary Science and Art”, China International Exhibition Center, Beijing, China
  • “19 Games”, T. Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “I want to talk to you”, T. Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “Beaufort 03 – Art by the Sea”, Leopold Park, Oostende, Belgium
  • “The China Project – Three Decades: The Contemporary Chinese Collection”, Queensland Art Gallery / Gallery of Modern Art (GoMA), Queensland, Australia
  • “China’s Revision”, East Station Gallery, Beijing, China
  • “Recompositions”, Xing Dong Cheng Space for Contemporary Art, Beijing, China
  • “Twenty-year Anniversary of China/Avant-Garde Exhibition”, Wall Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Twinkle Twinkle Red Star”, Contemporary by Angela Li, Hong Kong, China
    2008

  • “Text / Messages: Books by Artists”, Medtronic Gallery / Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA
  • “Lovely Blossoms and Full Moon”, Yuz Museum, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • “Woodcuts in Modern China, 1937-2008: Towards a Universal Pictorial Language”, Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University, Hamilton, USA
  • “China’s ReVision”, Ludwig Museum, Koblenz, Germany
  • “Prospect.1 New Orleans”, New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans, USA
  • “Contemporary Ink Art Evolution”, Museum of Contemporary Art, Beijing, China
  • “Form, Ideas, Essence, Rhythm: Contemporary East Asian Ink Painting”, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “West to the East: the Aesthetic Context of Intellectuals”, SZ Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “Second Lives: Remixing the Ordinary”, Museum of Arts and Design, New York, USA
  • “People, History; Exhibition of Studies of Chinese Art of the 20th Century”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Sixth Shenzhen Contemporary Sculpture Exhibition: A Vista of Perspectives”, OCT-Contemporary Art Terminal, Shenzhen, China
  • “Mahjong: Contemporary Chinese Art from the Sigg Collection”, Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, California, USA
  • “Shanghai MoCA Envisage II – Butterfly Dream”, Shanghai MoCA, Shanghai, China
  • “Art and China’s Revolution”, Asia Society Museum, New York, USA
  • “Accelerate: Chinese Contemporary Art”, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore
  • “Digital Safari: International ‘New Media’ Exhibition”, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, USA
  • “A Vista Of Perspectives”, OCT Contemporary Art Terminal, Chengdu, China
  • “Human / Nature: Artists Respond to a Changing Planet”, San Diego Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego, USA
  • “Sedimentation: The New Spirit of the East”, Asia Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “Half-Life of a Dream: Contemporary Chinese Art from the Logan Collection”, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
  • “Reason’s Clue”, Lin & Keng Gallery, Beijing, China
  • “Chinese Gardens for Living: Illusion into Reality”, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, Germany
  • “Synthetic Times: Media Art China 2008”, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
  • “East West Dialogue: Mysticism, Satire, and the Legendary Past”, Leila Taghinia-Milani Heller Gallery, New York, USA
  • “3rd China Media Art Festival”, China Academy of Art, Hangzhou, China
  • “Modern Chinese Art: The Khoan and Michael Sullivan Collection: A New Generation”, Asia House, London, UK
  • “The Yi School: Thirty Years of Chinese Abstract Art”, CaixaForum, Madrid, Spain
  • “China macht Druck: Zeitgenössische Chinesische”, DruckgrafikStädtische Galerie, Bietigheim-Bissingen, Germany
  • “Person of the Crowd: The Contemporary Art of Flânerie”, Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase College, New York, USA
    2007

  • “Reconfiguration: Chinese Contemporary Art”, National University of Singapore Museum, Singapore
  • “The Sixth Shenzhen Contemporary Sculpture Exhibition: A Vista of Perspectives”, He Xiangning Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
  • “Succession, Deduce, Soak Water, Ink, World of Monochrome”, Former Sakamoto Elementary School, Ueno Town art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
  • “85 New Wave: The Birth of Chinese Contemporary Art”, Ullens Center for Contemporary Art, Beijing, China
  • “Outside the Book”, Arizona Museum for Youth, Mesa, USA
  • “Transformations: Traditional and Contemporary Chinese Art in Dialogue”, Center Gallery, Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, USA
  • “14th Tallinn Print Triennial: Political/Poetical”, Kumu Art Museum, Tallinn, Estonia
  • “China Now”, Cobra Museum of Modern Art, Amstelveen, The Netherlands
  • “Energies—Synergy”, Foundation De 11 Lijnen, Oudenburg, Belgium
  • “Made in China: Contemporary Art from the Estella Collection”, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel; Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Denmark
  • “Sumi-e Society of America Annual Exhibition”, Jeanie Tengelsen Gallery, Art League of Long Island, New York, USA
  • “Reboot: The Third Chengdu Biennale”, Chengdu Contemporary Art Museum, Chengdu, China
  • “Transliteration / Arrogance & Romance”, Ordos Art Museum, Ordos, China
  • “Rejected Collection”, Ke Center for Contemporary Art, Shanghai, China
  • “Contemporary Combustion: Chinese Artists in America”, New Britain Museum of American Art, New Britain, USA
  • “Automatic Update”, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
  • “Metamorphosis: The Generation of Transformation in Chinese Contemporary Art”, Tampere Art Museum, Tampere, Finland
  • “Landscape and Memory II”, Haines Gallery, San Francisco, USA
  • “Just Words: Xu Bing, Hong Hao and Xie Xiaoze”, Morono Kiang Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
  • “The Politics of Fear”, Albion Gallery, London, UK
  • “Chinglish”, Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong, China
  • “Second Moscow Biennale of Contemporary Art: We are Your Future”, Moscow, Russia
  • “Pig”, Gallery 4A, Asia-Australia Arts Centre, Sydney, Australia
  • “Acquired Tastes: 200 Years of Collecting for the Boston Athenaeum”, Boston Athenaeum, Massachusetts, USA
    2006

  • “Moment by Moment: Meditations of the Hand”, North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks, USA
  • “Pictograms: The Loneliness of Signs”, Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
  • “Shu: Reinventing Books in Contemporary Chinese Art”, China Institute Gallery, New York; Seattle Asian Art Museum, Seattle; Honolulu Academy of Arts, Honolulu, USA
  • “China Now”, Sammlung Essl Kunst der Gegenwart, Klosterneuburg, Vienna, Austria
  • “Han Zi Reinvented: The Rhythm of Chinese Script”, Main Art Gallery, California State University, Fullerton, USA
  • “Travelers Between Cultures”, Visual Arts Center of New Jersey, Summit, USA
  • “Gwangju Biennale: Fever Variations”, Gwangju, South Korea
  • “Belief: Singapore Biennale 2006”, National Museum of Singapore, Singapore
  • “Brush and Ink: the Chinese Art of Writing”, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA
  • “Millennium Dialogue 2006: Code: Blue”, 3rd Beijing International New Media Art Exhibition and Symposium, China Millennium Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Art Game: An Experience of Agency in Contemporary Art”, He Xiangning Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
  • “Found in Translation: An Exhibition of Artist Books and Multi-Media Work”, San Francisco Center for the Book, San Francisco, USA
  • “Transboundary Experiences: An Exhibition of Contemporary Art from China, Korea, and Japan”, Spool Mfg, Johnson City, USA
  • “On the Edge: Contemporary Chinese Artists Encounter the West”, Davis Museum and Cultural Center, Wellesley College, Wellesley, USA
  • “New Chinese Occidentalism: Chinese Contemporary Art in New York”, Ethan Cohen Fine Arts, New York, USA
  • “Create History: Commemorating Exhibition Chinese Modern Art in 1980s”, He-Xiangning Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
    2005

  • “The Other End: Designs in Contemporary Experimental Art”, He Xiangning Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
  • “The Act of Writing and of Non-Writing: The Open Space for Chinese Calligraphy: International Exhibition of Modern Calligraphy”, Hangzhou, China
  • “First Exhibition of American Research Association of Eastern and Western Arts”, Famous Artists Gallery, New York, USA
  • “The Wall: Reshaping Contemporary Chinese Art”, Millennium Art Museum / Today Art Museum, Beijing, China; traveled to Albright-Knox Art Gallery, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, USA
  • “Landmark: PICA’s 10th Anniversary Visual Exhibition”, Portland Institute for Contemporary Art (PICA), Portland, USA
  • “The Art of Giving: A Selection of Donations to the Hong Kong Museum of Art”, Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong, China
  • “H C Andersen på kinesisk”, Nordjyllands Kunstmuseum, Aalborg, Denmark
  • “The Elegance of Silence: Contemporary Art from East Asia”, Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Critic’s Choice”, Foundation for Art & Creative Technology, Liverpool, UK
  • “Collection Remixed”, Bronx Museum of the Arts, New York, USA
  • “Text Me: An Exploration of Body Language”, Sherman Galleries, Sydney, Australia
    2004

  • “4th International Ink Painting Biennial of Shenzhen”, Shenzhen Museum of Art and the Shenzhen Fine Art Institute, Shenzhen, China
  • “Heart Prints: Contemporary Chinese Calligraphy: Guo Dan, Xing Fei, Zhang O, Zhao Suikang, Gu Wenda, Xu Bing, Chiu Chunchao, Meng Hsienchi and Harrison Xinshi”, Bard College, New York, USA
  • “Reinventing Tradition in a New World: The Arts of Gu Wenda, Wang Mansheng, Xu Bing and Zhang Hongtu”, Schmucker Art Gallery, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, USA
  • “Out of Time, Out of Place, Out of China: Reinventing Chinese Tradition in a New Century”, Pittsburgh University Art Gallery, Pittsburgh, USA
  • “26th São Paulo Biennial”, Pavilhão Ciccillo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • “Ostwind / East Wind”, Museum Franz Gertsch, Burgdorf, Switzerland
  • “CAFE in Mito 2004: Communicable Action for Everybody”, Contemporary Art Center, Art Tower Mito, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Open House: Working in Brooklyn”, Brooklyn Museum, New York, USA
  • “Cinesi: artisti fra tradizione e presente”, Pinacoteca Provinciale, Potenza, Italy
  • “Artes Mundi: Wales International Visual Art Prize 2004 Exhibition”, National Museum & Gallery, Cardiff, UK
  • “Regeneration: Contemporary Chinese Art from China and the US”, Samek Art Gallery, Bucknell University, Pennsylvania, USA; traveled to Jean Paul Slusser Gallery, School of Art & Design, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA; David Winton Bell Gallery, Brown University, Providence, USA; Ben Maltz Gallery, Otis College of Art and Design, Los Angeles; Arizona State University Art Museum, Tempe,USA; Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, USA; Ewing Gallery of Art and Architecture, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA; University of Virginia Art Museum, Charlottesville, Virginia
  • “Gu Xiong and Xu Bing: Here Is What I Mean”, Museum London, Ontario, Canada
  • “Beyond Boundaries”, Shanghai Gallery of Art, Shanghai, China
    2003

  • “Nowa Strefa Sztuka Chińska / New Zone Chinese Art”, Zacheta Gallery, Warsaw, Poland
  • “Chinese Printmaking Today”, British Library, London, UK
  • “TypO: Writing with Style”, Foundation for Art & Creative Technology, Liverpool, UK; Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
  • “Radical Line: Innovation in Chinese Contemporary Painting”, Bowling Green State University Fine Arts Center, Bowling Green, USA
  • “Happiness: A Survival Guide for Art and Life”, Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
  • “The Invisible Thread: Buddhist Spirit in Contemporary Art”, Snug Harbor Culture Center, New York, USA
  • “First Beijing International Art Biennale”, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
  • “Left Hand, Right Hand”, 798 Space, Beijing, China
  • “Harmony vs. Confrontation”, Art Beatus Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
  • “Residency Project of International Renowned Visual Artists Exhibition”, Hong Kong Arts Centre, Hong Kong, China
  • “Love and / or Terror”, University of Arizona Museum of Art, Tucson, USA
  • “Half a Century of Chinese Woodblock Prints: From the Communist Revolution to the Open-Door Policy and Beyond, 1945-1998”, Daejeon Municipal Museum of Art, Daejeon, South Korea
  • “For the Record: Drawing Contemporary Life”, Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
  • “Skowhegan Faculty Exhibition”, Institute of Contemporary Art, Maine College of Art, Portland, USA
  • “Drawing the Line: Contemporary Artists Reassess Traditional East Asian Calligraphy”, Pacific Asia Museum, Pasadena, USA
  • “Der Rest Der Welt, Neuffer am Park”, Pirmasens, Germany
  • “Austral-Asia: Zero Three”, Sherman Galleries, Sydney, Australia
  • “Cyber Asia: Media Art in the Near Future”, Hiroshima Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima, Japan
    2002

  • “ES 2002 Tijuana, Segunda Bienal Internacional de Estandartes”, Centro Cultural, Tijuana, Mexico
  • “4th Shanghai Biennale”, Shanghai Art Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “Overt Operation”, Joseph Helman, New York, USA
  • “First Guangzhou Triennial: Reinterpretation: A Decade of Experimental Chinese Art 1990-2000”, Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangzhou, China
  • “Global Priority”, Jamaica Center for Arts & Learning, New York, USA
  • “China–Tradition und Moderne”, Ludwig Galerie Schloss Oberhausen, Germany
  • “Paris-Pékin”, Espace Cardin, Paris, France
  • “Harvest: Contemporary Art Exhibition”, The National Agriculture Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Asia Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art”, Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane, Australia
  • “CAFE in Mito (Communicable Action for Everybody)”, Contemporary Art Center, Art Tower Mito, Mito, Japan
  • “China’s Changing Culture and Enduring Heritage”, New York Chinese Scholar’s Garden, Staten Island Botanical Garden, New York, USA
  • “Chinese Contemporary Art Exhibition”, Gwangju Art Museum, Gwangju, Korea
  • “Flag Art Festival: Poetry of the Winds”, World Cup Park, Seoul, South Korea
  • “Biennale of Sydney”, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia
  • “Hard to Read”, Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College, New York, USA
  • “Contemporary Brush Strokes: New York Artists From China”, China 2000 Fine Art, New York, USA
  • “ARCO 2002: Asian Party, Global Game II”, Madrid, Spain
  • “Project 3”, Elga Wimmer PCC, New York, USA
  • “Avant Garde Calligraphy”, Arvada Center for the Arts and Humanities, Arvada, USA
    2001

  • “Artists’ Books: Highlights from the Kohler Art Library”, Memorial Library, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, USA
  • “Tracing: Works on Paper by Chinese Contemporary Artists”, Fosdick-Nelson Gallery, Alfred University School of Art and Design, Alfred, USA
  • “A Shriek from an Invisible Box”, Meguro Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Brooklyn!”, Palm Beach Institute of Contemporary Art, Lake Worth, USA
  • “Bogus: Counterfeit Images and Contemporary Art”, Castle Gallery, College of New Rochelle, New York, USA
  • “China without Borders: An Exhibition of Chinese Contemporary Art”, Sotheby’s, New York, USA
  • “Half-om-half: Kunst-vee-geshiedenis [Art-Cattle-History]”, Van Reekum Museum en Historisch Museum Apeldoorn, Apeldoorn, The Netherlands
  • “Translated Acts: Performance and Body Art from East Asia”, Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin, Germany; Queens Museum of Art, New York, USA; Museo de Arte Carrillo Gil, Mexico City, Mexico
  • “Give & Take”, Serpentine Gallery; Victoria & Albert Museum, London, UK
  • “Media Messages: Look Through Language”, Sendai Mediatheque, Sendai, Japan
    2000

  • “Drawings & Photographs”, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, USA
  • “The Book & the Computer: New Parameters across Time and Space”, Ginza Graphic Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Von Matisse bis Morimura”, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
  • “If I Had a Dream: Four Chinese Artists in Berlin”, Künstlerhaus Bethanien, Berlin, Germany
  • “Delicate Balance: Six Routes to the Himalayas”, Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki, Finland
  • “Palimpsest”, Fuller Museum of Art, Boston, USA
  • “Biennale of Sydney”, Sydney, Australia
  • “Word and Meaning: Six Contemporary Chinese Artists”, University of Buffalo Art Gallery, New York, USA; Trisolini Gallery and University Art Gallery, Ohio University, Athens, USA
  • “EV+A 2000: Friends and Neighbours”, Exhibition of Visual Art 2000, Limerick City Gallery Of Art, Limerick, Ireland
    1999

  • “Birth 2000 / 1990”, Musōkan, Kobe, Japan
  • “Zeitwenden—Ausblick”, Kunstmuseum, Bonn, Germany
  • “Projects 70”, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
  • “Kunstwelten im Dialog: Von Gauguin zur globalen Gegenwart”, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
  • “Babel: Contemporary Art and the Journeys of Communication”, Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, UK
  • “Asiart Asian Contemporary Art: Biennale d’Arte Contemporanea”, Genoa, Italy
  • “Third Asia-Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art”, Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane, Australia
  • “Contemporary East Asian Letter Arts”, Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, South Korea,
  • “Power of the Word”, Taiwan Museum of Art, Taichung, Taiwan; traveled to Faulconer Gallery, Grinnell College, Grinnell; Emerson Gallery Hamilton Collge, Clinton, New York, USA; University of Arizona Museum of Art, Tucson Arizona, USA; Tang Teaching Museum and Art Gallery, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, New York, USA
  • “Global Conceptualism: Points of Origin, 1950s –1980s”, Queens Museum of Art, New York, USA; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA; Miami Art Museum, Miami, USA
  • “Magnetic Writing / Marching Ideas”, IT Park Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “CON(TEXT): Words, Text, and Meaning in the Permanent Collection”, Bronx Museum of the Arts, New York, USA
  • “Spiral TV”, Spiral Garden, Tokyo, Japan
  • “First Fukuoka Asian Art Triennale”, Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan
  • “Half a Century of Chinese Woodblock Prints: from the Communist Revolution to the Open-Door Policy and Beyond, 1945 – 1998”, Museum of Art, Ein Harod, Israel; traveled to The Patrick and Beatrice Haggerty Museum of Art, Milwaukee, USA; University Art Gallery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, USA; Davison Art Center, Wesleyan University, Middletown, USA; Spencer Art Museum, University of Kansas, Lawrence, USA; Pannell Gallery of Sweet Briar College, New York, USA; Daura Gallery, Lynchburg College, Lynchburg, USA; Fundacao Oriente, Lisbon, Portugal; Rietberg Museum, Zurich, Switzerland; Rijksmuseum oor Volkenkunde, Leiden, The Netherlands; National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea
  • “Transience: Chinese Experimental Art at the End of the Twentieth Century”, David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago, Illinois; traveled to University of Oregon Museum of Art, Eugene, USA; the Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA
    1998

  • “Concerning Truth”, Gallery 400, School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA
  • “Plural Speech”, White Box Gallery, New York / Philadelphia, USA
  • “Kunst in Vrijheid / Art in Freedom”, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  • “Cinco continentes y una ciudad”, Museo de la Ciudad de México, Mexico City, Mexico
  • “Contemporary Chinese Art and the Literary Culture of China”, Lehman College Art Gallery, New York, USA; traveled to Bard College, New York, USA
  • “The Library of Babel: Characters / Books / Media”, ICC-Intercommunication Center, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Inside Out: New Chinese Art”, Asia Society Museum; PS1, New York, USA; traveled to San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and The Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, USA; El Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico; Tacoma Art Museum, Tacoma, USA; Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
  • “Autonomous Action: New Chinese Art on Video”, Artspace, Auckland, New Zealand
  • “Crossings / Traversées”, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
  • “Beyond the Form: The Deconstruction and Transformation of Chinese Characters”, Cork Gallery, Lincoln Center, New York, USA
  • “Taipei Biennial: Site of Desire”, Taipei Fine Art Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Animal Anima Animus”, Pori Art Museum, Pori, Finland; traveled to Museum voor Moderne Kunst Arnhem, Arnhem, The Netherlands; PS1, Long Island City, USA; Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Canada
  • “Where Heaven and Earth Meet: Xu Bing and Cai Guo Qiang”, Bard College Center for Curatorial Studies, New York, USA
  • “Transatlántico: Disceminación, Cruce y Desterritorialización”, Centro Atlantico de Arte Moderno Museum, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
  • “New Installations by Xu Bing & Huang Yong Ping”, Art Beatus, Vancouver, Canada
  • “Unreadable Books New Letters”, Mitaka City Art Center, Mitaka, Japan
    1997

  • “Transformation, Second Johannesburg Biennale”, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • “Second Kwangju Biennale: Unmapping the Earth”, Kwangju, South Korea
  • “In Between Limits”, Sonje Museum of Contemporary Art, Kwangju, South Korea
  • “New China”, Jack Tilton Gallery, New York, USA
  • “New Generation of Asian Art”, Yonago City Museum of Art, Yonago City, Japan; Ehime Prefectural Museum of Art, Matsuyama, Japan
  • “Die anderen Modernen: Zeitgenössische Kunst aus Afrika, Asien und Latinamerika”, Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin, Germany
  • “Runt om oss, inom oss / Around Us, Inside Us”, Borås Konstmuseum, Borås, Sweden
  • “Peking University Centennial Calligraphy Exhibition”, Beijing, China
    1996

  • “Origin and Myths of Fire: New Art from Japan, China and Korea”, Museum of Modern Art, Saitama, Japan
  • “New Works: 963”, ArtPace International Artist in Residence Program, ArtPace, San Antonio, USA
  • “Interzones: A Work in Progress”, Kunstforeningen, Copenhagen, Denmark; traveled to Uppsala Konstmuseum, Uppsala, Sweden
  • “Fractured Fairy Tales: Art in the Age of Categorical Disintegration”, Duke University Museum of Art, Durham, USA
  • “China Avant Garde”, Gallery Q, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Godzilla at BMCC: And We Speak”, Shirley Fiterman Gallery, Borough of Manhattan Community College, New York, USA
    1995

  • Plexus Art & Communication, New York, USA
  • “File No 1: Conceptual Documents for Impossible Art”, SoHo Biennial 95, New York, USA / Group Show, Plexus Art & Communication, New York, USA
  • “Arts & Letters”, June Kelly Gallery, New York, USA
  • “Des Del Pais Del Centre: Avant-Gardes Artistiques Xineses”, Centre D’Art Santa Monica, Barcelona, Spain
  • “The Arts’ Environment: Eighty Photographs of Artists in Beijing, ‘92 – ‘94 by Xu Zhiwei”, Ammonal Gallery, Beijing, China
    1994

  • “Cocido y Crudo”, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
  • “Flesh & Ciphers”, Here Foundation, New York, USA
  • “Jumping Typography”, O Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Between East and West: Transformations of Chinese Art in the Late Twentieth Century”, Bridgeport, USA
  • “Flowering in the West”, Haenah-Kent Gallery, New York, USA
    1993

  • “Fragmented Memory: The Chinese Avant-Garde in Exile”, Wexner Center for the Visual Arts, Ohio State University, Ohio, USA
  • “45th Venice Biennale”, Venice, Italy
  • “China’s New Art: Post-1989”, Hong Kong Arts Centre, Hong Kong, China; traveled to Marlborough Fine Art, London, UK; Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia; Santa Monica Art Center, Santa Monica; Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Fort Wayne, USA; University of Oregon Museum of Art, Eugene, USA; Chicago Cultural Center, Chicago, USA; San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose, USA; Salina Arts Center, Salina, USA Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
  • “China Avant-Garde”, Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin, Germany; traveled to Kunsthal Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherland; The Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, UK; Kunsthallen Brandts Klaedefabrik, Odense, Denmark
    1992

  • “New Art From China”, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Queensland Art Gallery; City of Ballarat Fine Art Gallery; Canberra School of Art Gallery, Australia
  • “Looking for Tree of Life: A Journey to Asian Contemporary Art”, Museum of Modern Art, Saitama, Japan
  • “Desire for Words: An Exhibition of Installation Works by Xu Bing and Gu Wenda”, Hong Kong Arts Centre, Hong Kong, China
  • “Foreign Students’ Art Exhibition”, Warren M Lee Center for the Fine Arts, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, USA
  • “Library: A Book Artists’ Invitational Exhibition”, Granary Books, New York, USA
  • “From the Beginning of the Century to the End of the Century”, Lung Men Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
    1991

  • “AAAC Annual: From ‘Star Star’ to Avant Garde – Nine Artists from China”, Asian American Arts Centre, New York, USA
  • “The Book as an Object of Art”, Hong Kong Arts Centre, Hong Kong, China
  • “‘I Don’t Want to Play Cards With Cézanne’ and Other Works”, Pacific Asia Museum, Pasadena, USA
    1990

  • “All China Youth Print Exhibition”, Shanghai Artists Gallery, Shanghai, China
    1989

  • “Special Exhibition: Contemporary Chinese Art ‘Now’”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Toward the 1990s: Documents on Contemporary Chinese Art”, Gallery K and Gallery Kobayashi, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Mainland Youth Printmakers”, San Yuan Se Art Center, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “China / Avant-Garde”, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
  • “National Calligraphy Artists Exhibition Commemorating the 90th year of Comrade LI Lisan’s birth”, Hunan, China
  • “Seventh National Art Exhibition”, China
    1988

  • “Paris-Pekin”, Palais des Etudes, Paris, France
  • “Fourth Internationale Triennale der Zeichnung”, Kunsthalle Nürnberg, Nuremberg, Germany
  • “Great Earthquake” Performance Program, the Great Wall of China, Beijing, China
    1987

  • “Exhibition of Sichuan Worker Daily Collection, for the 5th Anniversary of the Newspaper’s Reinstatement”, Chengdu, China
  • “Gravures de Dix Artistes Chinois”, Le Club du Livre Chinois, Palais des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland
  • “Contemporary Prints from the People’s Republic of China”, Metropolitan Gallery, Portland, USA
  • “Ninth National Print Exhibition”, Beijing, China
  • “Biennial Capital Prints Exhibition”, Beijing, China
    1986

  • “Modern Chinese Prints from the Central Academy of Fine Arts”, British Museum, London, UK
  • “Four-Person Show: Xu Bing, Zhang Jun, Chen Qiang, Chen Jingrong”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Gallery, Beijing, China
  • “First International Asian-European Art Biennial”, Ankara Türkocağı Painting and Sculpture Museum, Ankara, Turkey
    1985

  • “Cent Gravures de l’Institut Central des Beaux-Arts de Pekin”, Palais des Etudes, Paris, France
  • “Exhibition of Works by Advancing Chinese Youth”, International Youth Organization, Beijing, China
    1984

  • “Invitational Exhibition of Prints from China”, Clark Arts Center Gallery, Rockford College, Rockford, USA
  • “Sixth National Art Exhibition”, Beijing, China
    1983

  • “Eighth National Print Exhibition”, Beijing, China
    1982

  • “Exhibition of Works by Members of the Chinese Artists Association”, Société des Artistes Français, Grand Palais, Paris, France
    1981

  • “Central Academy of Fine Arts Thesis Exhibition”, Beijing, China
  • “50 Ans de Gravures sur Bois Chinoises, 1930 – 1980”, Maison de la Culture de Grenoble, Paris, France
  • “People’s Republic of China Exhibition of Works of Central Institute of Fine Arts”, Beijing, China
  • “The Selections of Modern Prints of China in the Fifty Years from 1931 to 1981”, Shanghai, China
  • “Exhibition of China’s Modern Prints in Fifty Years: In Honour of the Centenary of LU Xun’s Birthday”, China
    1980

  • “Second National Young Artists’ Works Exhibition”, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
    1979

  • “Sixth National Print Exhibition”, Beijing, China
  • “In Celebration of the 30th Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China”, Beijing, China
    1976

  • “National Exhibition”, Beijing, China
  • “City Exhibition”, Beijing, China
    1972

  • “Exhibition of High School Student Work”, Haidian District Cultural Department, Beijing, China

AWARDS

  • 2018 Agnès Varda AwardーStar of the Year,CAFA,China
  • 2017 FIPRESCI Prize, 2017 Locarno Film Festival, Switzerland
  • 2016 Chinese Contemporary Art Award (CCAA), China
  • 2015 2015 de FINE art honoree of the Savannah College of Art and Design, Savannah, USA
  • 2015 Art in Embassies (AIE) ーMedal of Arts, United States Department of State, USA
  • 2015 Liberty award, Lower Manhattan Cultural Council, USA
  • 2014 The spirit of the city award, Cathedral of St John the Divine, USA
  • 2013 Honorary Doctorate of Art + Design, Emily Carr University, Canada
  • 2012 The Washington Post lists Tobacco Project as one of the “Top 10 Works of Art and Architecture in 2011.”
  • 2010 Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters, Columbia University, USA
  • 2006 Southern Graphics Council Lifetime Achievement Award, USA
  • 2006 International Association of Art Critics Award for Best Installation or Single Work of Art in a Museum, USA
  • 2005 Youth Friends Award, New York City Department of Education and the School Art League, New York, USA
  • 2004 Artes Mundi: Wales International Visual Art Prize, UK
  • 2004 Coca-Cola Fellowship, American Academy in Berlin, Germany
  • 2003 Arts and Culture Prize, Fukuoka Asian Culture Prize, Japan
  • 1999 MacArthur Fellows Program Award, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, USA
  • 1998 Pollock-Krasner Foundation Grant, USA
  • 1996 ArtPace Foundation Resident Artist, USA
  • 1989 Huo Yingdong Education Foundation Award, China National Education Association, China

PUBLIC COLLECTIONS

  • Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
  • Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, Berkeley, USA
  • British Museum, London, UK
  • Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan
  • Harvard Art Museum, Cambridge, USA
  • Los Angeles, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, USA
  • Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
  • Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
  • National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
  • New York Public Library, New York, USA
  • Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, USA
  • Queensland Art Gallery, Queensland, Australia
  • San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
  • Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, USA
  • Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, USA
Click on each year's works

人間別有此字

文/翟永明

據稱古代文字是巫師創建的。最早的甲骨文,也是巫師占卜的工具。中國最早的造字祖宗蒼頡,就是一個巫師。在文字形成之初,參與者眾,流傳下來的,卻只有蒼頡。蒼頡造字就是參考世界萬物:「山川江海之狀、龍蛇鳥獸之跡」而成的。我們再從一個更廣的角度看:人類的文字都是由圖畫演進而來,文字之初,象形是最主要的態勢。

據說世界上現存文字有五千種,但卻以飛快的速度在消失。隨著全球化的到來,英語正在成為世界上最強勢的語言。不管你是否願意看到這個事實,它都以一種霸權的姿態,笑傲世界。全球化精英份子的一個標準,就是必須會「說英語」。用一位全球化問題研究者的話來說,就是:「只說英語,是大多數美國全球化者所享受的一種奢侈;不說英語,卻是世界各地很少有人吃得消的一種奢侈」。(如果你要進入一個全球化精英份子所棲息的世界,如果你不想「與世隔絕」的話)。

但是,無論英語如何強勢;它在英語國家之外,仍然只是一種精英文化。它也許將忽視、但卻不能取代另外一些族群的語言:處於全球化金字塔底層、但卻佔據最大人口的多數民族的語言。英語,要想成為全球化體系中,「趨於同一化」的語言,仍有它無法克服的障礙:那就是:你必須通過教育、通過認真學習,才能掌握它。這是一個快速世界所不耐煩的事。在這樣的一種背景下,一種新的交流方式產生了。

好幾年以來,對文字具有敏感知悟力的藝術家徐冰,注意到了一種新的國際通用「語言」標識。徐冰花了大量的時間和精力,搜集、歸納、整理了那些「已經被大量使用,具有共識基礎和語言性質的東西」。就是被他命名為「普天同文」的這一套識別字碼。徐冰多年來,「收集了上百張不同航空公司印製的機上安全說明書」,以及在日常生活中隨處可見,觸手可及的各類標識:「一種國際通用的圖形標識系統」,這裏面,包含所有的商標、圖示各種指示牌、說明書、網路圖形語言等,不一而足。「它是一種普天之下,講不同語言的人都可以識讀的文字」。據徐冰稱:「在這個過程中,我們不做任何的發明和編造,因為自然的語言文字,多是約定俗成的」。徐冰不但搜集整理了這套語言,還將用它來寫一部小說。同時,就象他的《英文方塊字書法》一樣,徐冰致力於將他的作品,服務于現實之中、為人所用。因此,他還設計了一個中英文的翻譯軟體,使這些「自然文字」,成為其他語言的中轉站。運用這套軟體,不同國藉不同語言的人們,就可以在網上聊天、表達和交流了。

徐冰將他搜集的這一套語言,設定為文學概念;而不是通常被我們熟知的藝術的定義。因此他的展出方式,也與傳統的展示方式,有所區別。作品不再是一個固態的、與空間有關的展示物;而是一個流動的、與時間有關係的文學性作品。他用這套語言,寫了一本傳統意義上的小說。並且,將以連載小說的形式,在一個雜誌上發表。最後將以一本書的形式,集結出版。

如果要把徐冰的最新作品《地書》,視作一種文字,而不是僅僅視作一件藝術作品,是需要花一些功夫,來論證其合理性的。比如它與主流文字的互文關係;如果把這一作品,僅僅視為藝術;它又是在當代社會中,已然流通、且流通甚廣的一種交流載體,早已為大多數人所熟知。似乎不能用傳統和主流的「藝術」概念來界定它。

當代藝術在近十來年的時間內,正在漸漸跨越「藝術」的原始含義。要搞清什麼是藝術,還不如先搞清什麼不是藝術。考察徐冰最近幾年的作品,就會發現,他的創作正漸漸模糊了「藝術」和「非藝術」的界限,並開始走向一些更實際、更社會化的功能性創作。

西方文明從古希臘開始,就有了「視覺中心主義」的痕跡。隨著現代社會視覺、技術向高科技發展,以及電訊、網路的迅速普及。大眾文化和消費文化,推動著圖像時代的真正到來。按照傑姆遜的說法:「後現代主義」的內容,就是「更多的圖像」。詞語已退到了一個邊緣的位置。比如:我曾經認為「可口可樂」這樣的譯名,簡直是天衣無縫,在中國,將其品牌推廣到了膾炙人口的程度。但實際情況是:過了不久,可口可樂公司就一勞永逸地選擇了將「Coca-Cola」英文,設計成一個圖形,並向全世界推廣。這樣,將語言的形聲,又變換成象形圖式。這樣的例子,幾乎是所有國際品牌的行銷方式,它們構成了新的一類象形文字。正是這樣的象形文字,促進和推動了全球化進程。

據稱聯合國某機構最近頒佈了經過標準局研究通過的、五十個將在全球通用的標準圖式。這五十個標準圖式,是從世界各地徵集來的,最容易識讀的標識;包括在一些公共場所早就通用的圖示。這些經過聯合國標準化了的語言,相信會很快被人們熟知、掌握和運用。在寫這篇文章的同時,我去了四川最偏遠的一個尚未開發的藏區,那裏人跡罕至,藏民們大多不會說漢語。但是在剛修好的公路旁,新建的廁所,居然使用的是機場通用的男女圖式,這讓我大為吃驚。事實上,象形文字中很大一部份,就是這樣「約定俗成」的。所以,我相信隨著現代化程度的不斷發展,這樣的看圖識字的語言,會越來越流行,越來越強大。

有兩千年歷史的中國文字,是世上唯一僅存的、由象形文字轉變成現代文字、且尚有世界上最多人口使用的語言。但是,一度也曾被視為影響中國發展的「落後文字」。 1931年在符拉迪沃斯托克召開的,吳玉章等人參加的中國新文字第一次代表大會,就通過了《中國漢字拉丁化的原則和規則》。那時便有人建議:拋棄方塊字外形,採用拼音文字。後來,文字學家唐蘭先生曾大膽設想:使用「新形聲字」—即保留漢字的形式,用拼音方式取代舊聲符,使之與現實的標準發音相結合。新中國之後,這一設想很快成為現實。記得1990年,在美國初次接觸到電腦時,我曾經疑惑使用注音的中文方塊字,能否進入電腦的技術化時代。不想,很快就有了各種各樣的漢字輸入法誕生,使我不得不驚歎中國文字的強大生命力。在今天,電腦的普及和全民使用率,使得像漢字這樣獨立發展、形體構造都與眾不同的漢字文化,受到新產生的形形色色的網路語言的衝擊和破壞,正如我在一篇文章中,曾這樣說過:「按鍵輸入、拼音輸入、語音輸入以及更多的輸入方式,是否正在改變中國文字的DNA」?最近,我越來越多地聽我那些使用拼音輸入方式的朋友說到:漸漸地,不太記得漢字了。有時候,還需要借助拼音,在電腦上查字。而更多的網路一族,則趨向於任意改造文字,尋找更快捷、更簡單的書寫形式,在這個過程中,電子一族,趨於取消和減少文字思維方式,而代之以更視覺化的、或更符號化的書寫方式。比如用標點符號構成的表情圖式、用阿拉伯數字代替漢字的簡易語、以及用英語、中文拼音拼綴而成的灌水詞典、新出現的火星文等等。文字、尤其是中文方塊字,已經越來越綜合、越來越混雜。

所以,象《地書》這樣的作品,是否也正在起到一個文化預警系統的作用,提醒我們:正視這種共用語言的品質和繁殖能力;同時也發現它對文字的存在功能,不可避免的削減。設想當這類標識文字,成為人類通用語言,文字的深層意義將不復存在;文字或者消亡、或者變成圖形的附庸—–一種商業化的標識文字的補充,而不是相反:變得更具有現實意義。在世界上,漢字有其獨特的魅力。科學家已研究出:漢字使用時,會同時調動起左右兩半腦的活力和創造性,使人的智商能夠得到激發。為此,美國已有許多人開始學習漢字。總之,在全球文化趨同的時代,怎樣保留中國文字的精華和優勢;又能使漢字適應全球化的發展趨勢,成為一個重要的課題。某種程度上,《地書》這樣的作品,正是起到了這樣的警示作用。

徐冰的許多作品是以中國文字為材料,他也持續關注東西方文化交流。但這一次的作品,卻是真正的全球「公眾性」的語言,超越了過去「東方-西方」、「全球-本土」「傳統-現代」「反叛-迎合」等兩元對立的概念。甚至也超越了政治正確或不正確的意識形態,是用一種更為獨立、科學的態度和視角,去考察一種註定會在人類文明進程中,起到關鍵作用的文化現象。

徐冰在論述他過去的作品《天書》,和這一系列被他稱為《地書》的作品時說:「這兩本書有共同之處 : 不管你講什麼語言,也不管你是否受過教育,它們平等地對待世界上的每一個人」。無論徐冰的初衷和理想如何,無論這些標識作品,怎樣表現出超越以往文字的人性化;「普天同文」的概念,確實也表達了全球化世界主義者普世一致的道德承諾。但「它」,仍不可能做到真正的普天同文。對於那些身處邊遠地帶,足不出戶;沒有現代生活經驗的老百姓來說,這種全球化視野中的文字,雖然沒有文化障礙;但它仍是文明高度發展的象徵(它們外表上很象、但絕不是真正的原始文字);它仍然只是進入了全球化世界族群的人們手持的入場巻。那些沒有搭上全球化這趟列車,因而被拋在路邊的人們,將仍然是文盲,和沒有精神家園的流浪漢。《地書》的出版,也將這樣一種現實和追問,呈現在閱讀它的人們面前。

SOLO EXHIBITIONS

  • 2012 “XU Bing: Book from the Sky to Book from the Ground”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2003 “Xu Bing”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2001 “Xu Bing: One-Man Show”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan

GROUP EXHIBITION

  • 2014 “Bloom: ESLITE GALLERY 25th Anniversary”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
展望
ZHAN Wang
郭淳
KUO Chwen
  • 1955 Born in Chongqing, Zhejiang province, China
  • 1957 Moved to Beijing, China
  • 1990 Moved to USA
  • 2008-2014 Appointed Vice President of the Central Academy of Fine Arts, Beijing, China
  • 2014~ Director of Academic Committee, Central Academy of Fine Arts, Beijing, China
  • Currently living and working in Beijing and New York

EDUCATION

  • 1987 MFA Central Academy of Fine Art, Beijing, China
  • 1981 BFA Central Academy of Fine Art, Beijing, China

SOLO EXHIBITIONS

    2019

  • “Xu Bing: Thought and Method”, Museum MACAN, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • “Xu Bing: Art for the People”, Center del Carme, Valencia, Spain
    2018

  • “Xu Bing: Thought and Method”, Ullens Center for Contemporary Art, Beijing, China
  • “Sculpture 21st: Xu Bing. Dragonfly Eyes”, Lehmbruck Museum, Duisburg, Germany
  • “Xu Bing: Language and Nature”, Ink Studio, Beijing, China
    2017

  • “Xu Bing”, The United Art Museum, Wuhan, China
  • “Language & the Art of Xu Bing”, Museu de Arte de Macau, Macau, China
  • “performing ART”, Oil Street Artspace Hong Kong, China
    2016

  • “Traveling to the Wonderland”, Shunyi Olympic Rowing-Canoeing Park, Beijing, China
  • “Xu Bing: Book from the Ground”, Centre for Chinese Contemporary Art, London, UK
  • “Xu Bing: Book from the Sky”, Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, Texas, USA
    2015

  • “Xu Bing, Background Story: A New Approach to Landscape Painting”, Chazen Museum of Art, Madison, USA
  • “Writing Between Heaven and Earth, Florida International University”, Frost Art Museum, Miami, USA
  • “Things Are Not What They First Appear”, SCAD Museum of Art, Savannah, USA
  • “Bird Languages”, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, UK
  • “Book from the Ground Concept Store”, K11 Art Space, Hong Kong, China
    2014

  • “The Language of Xu Bing”, LACMA, Los Angeles, USA
  • “Metamorphosis: The Art of Xu Bing”, Hong Kong Asia Society, Hong Kong, China
  • “Phoenix: Xu Bing at the Cathedral”, Cathedral Church of Saint John the Devine, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: A Retrospective”, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Research Exhibition on Background Story”, Inside Out Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Forest Project of Xu Bing and Children”, National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Background Story: Nan Shan Cui Ping”, Long Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “Book about The Book from the Ground”, Bank/Mabsociety, Shanghai, China
    2013

  • “Travelling to the Wonderland”, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK
  • “Xu Bing: Landscape Landscript”, Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  • “Xu Bing: Phoenix”, MASS MoCA, North Adams, USA
  • “Living Word”, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore
    2012

  • “Xu Bing Phoenix”, MASS MoCA, North Adams, USA
  • “Book from the Ground: from point to point”, Shanghai Gallery of Art, Shanghai, China
  • “XU Bing: Book from the Sky to Book from the Ground”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Xu Bing: Square Word Calligraphy”, Katonah Museum of Art, Katonah, USA
  • “The Art of Rewriting China”, Carlsten Art Gallery, University of Wisconsin-Steven Point, Steven Point, USA
  • “Tobacco Project 4”, Aldrich Contemporary Art Museum, Ridgefield, Connecticut, USA
  • “Forest Project & Book from the Ground”, 30th San Paulo Biennial, San Paulo, Brazil
  • “Out of Character: Decoding Chinese Calligraphy”, Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, USA
    2011

  • “Xu Bing: Square Word Calligraphy Classroom”, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Art Gallery, Columbia University, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Where Does the Dust Itself Collect?”, Spinning Wheel Building, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Tobacco Project”, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, USA
  • “The Living Word”, Morgan Library & Museum, New York, USA
  • “An Installation by Xu Bing: Background Story 7”, British Museum, London, UK
    2010

  • “Xu Bing Aerial Phoenix Project”, Today Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Phoenix Project”, Baosteel Stage, Shanghai Expo, Shanghai, China
    2009

  • “Xu Bing Forest Project Exhibition”, He Xiangning Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
  • “Xu Bing: The Path of Repetition and the Imprint”, Today Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Reading Space: The Art of Xu Bing”, Clifford Gallery, Colgate University, New York, USA
    2008

  • “Xu Bing”, Middlebury College Museum of Art, Middlebury, USA
  • “Xu Bing”, Albion Gallery, London, UK
  • “Xu Bing Selected Works, 1987—2007”, Richard A. and Rissa W. Grossman Gallery, Lafayette College, Easton, USA
  • “Picturing Equality: Xu Bing’s New Ways of Seeing”, Sawhill Gallery, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, USA
    2007

  • “‘Book from the Sky’ to ‘Book from the Ground’: The Book Works of Xu Bing”, Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas, Lawrence, USA
    2006

  • “Xu Bing”, Suzhou Museum, Suzhou, China
  • “Any Opinions”Installation, Davis Museum and Cultural Center, Wellesley College, Wellesley, USA
    2005

  • “Ghosts Pounding the Wall - Xu Bing’s Work”, Today Art Museum, Beijing, China
    2004

  • “Xu Bing: The Glassy Surface of a Lake”, Elvehjem Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, USA
  • “Xu Bing Tobacco Project: Shanghai”, Shanghai Gallery of Art, Shanghai, China
  • “Xu Bing”, Yokohama Portside Gallery, Yokohama, Japan
  • “Xu Bing in Berlin”, Museum für Ostasiatische Kunst, Berlin, Germany
  • “Xu Bing: El Pozo de la Verdad / The Well of Truth”, Sala La Gallera, Valencia, Spain
  • “Xu Bing: Three Installations”, Elvehjem Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, USA
    2003

  • “Xu Bing”, Chinese Arts Centre, Manchester, UK
  • “Xu Bing”, Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan
  • “Xu Bing”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “‘Book from the Sky’ Installation”, Princeton University Art Museum, New Jersey, USA
    2002

  • “Myers School of Art Faculty Exhibition: Xu Bing”, Emily Davis Gallery, University of Akron, Akron, USA
  • “Classroom Calligraphy”, Daryl Reich Rubenstein Gallery, Sidwell Friends School, Washington D.C., USA
  • “Xu Bing”, Commons Gallery, University of Hawai‘i, Hawaii, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Living Word 2”, Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, Ithaca, USA
    2001

  • “Word Play: Contemporary Art by Xu Bing”, Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA
  • “Xu Bing: Prints and Books”, Portland Institute of Contemporary Art (PICA), Portland, USA
  • “Xu Bing: One-Man Show”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Xu Bing: Reading Landscape”, North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, USA
  • “Xu Bing”, Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan
    2000

  • “The Tobacco Project: A Series of Installations Created by Xu Bing”, Duke Homestead & Tobacco Museum, Perkins Library Gallery, Duke University, Durham, USA
  • “Installation of Lost Letters at 52”, Frankfurter Buchmesse, Frankfurt, Germany
  • “Book from the Sky & Classroom Calligraphy/Sü Ping kniha z nebe a kaligrafická třída”, National Gallery of Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
    1999

  • “Calligraphy for the People: A Site Specific Installation”, Bates College Museum of Art, Lewiston, USA
    1998

  • “Xu Bing: Square Word Poetry”, Ethan Cohen Fine Art, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Introduction to Square Word Calligraphy”, New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Panda Zoo”, Jack Tilton Gallery, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Cultural Animal”, Wood Street Galleries, Pittsburgh, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Recent Projects”, California Institute for the Arts, California, USA
    1997

  • “The Net: A Collaborative Installation by Xu Bing”, Tarble Arts Center, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, USA
  • “An Installation by Xu Bing: Another Language of Art”, Allen Priebe Gallery, University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh, Oshkosh, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Square Word Calligraphy”, Hanart TZ Gallery, Hong Kong, China
  • “Xu Bing”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Classroom Calligraphy”, Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró, Mallorca, Spain
  • “Xu Bing: Lost Letters”, Asian Fine Arts Factory, Berlin, Germany
  • “Installation by Xu Bing”, Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA), London, UK
  • “Xu Bing”, Galería Charpa, Valencia, Spain
    1996

  • “Xu Bing: A Case Study of Transference Performance”, Ethan Cohen Fine Arts, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Learn Square Words”, Marstall Performance Centre, Munich, Germany
    1995

  • “Xu Bing”, Randolph Street Gallery, Chicago, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Post Testament Installation”, North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Language Lost”, Huntington Gallery, Massachusetts College of Art, Boston, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Recent Project”, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, USA
  • “Xu Bing”, Dille Center for the Arts, Moorhead State University, Moorhead, USA
  • “American Silkworm Series 2”, Xu Bing Studio, New York, USA
  • “A Case Study of Transference 2”, Yongfeng Hogpen, Beijing, China
    1994

  • “Xu Bing: Recent Work”, Bronx Museum of the Arts, New York, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Cultural Negotiations”, Art Center College of Design, Pasadena, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Experimental Exhibition”, Hanmo Art Center, Beijing, China
    1993

  • “Xu Bing: A Home Away from Home”, North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks, USA
  • “Xu Bing: Le Livre du Ciel”, La Galerie Bellefroid, Paris, France
    1992

  • “Xu Bing”, North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks, USA
    1991

  • “Three Installations by Xu Bing”, Elvehjem Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, USA
  • “Xu Bing”, Chinese Modern Art Center, Osaka, Japan
  • “Xu Bing, Book of Heaven”, D. P. Fong & Spratt Galleries, San Jose, USA
  • “Xu Bing”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
    1990

  • “Exhibition of Xu Bing’s Prints”, Lung Men Art Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
    1988

  • “Xu Bing Prints”, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
  • “Xu Bing Print Exhibition”, Lung Men Art Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan

GROUP EXHIBITIONS

    2019

  • “The Allure of Matter: Material Art From China” Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), Los Angeles, traveled to Smart Museum of Art at the University of Chicago and Wrightwood 659, Chicago; Seattle Art Museum, Seattle; Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, USA
  • “A Confrontation of Ideals” 2nd Anren Biennale, Anren, Chengdu, China
  • “Ways of Seeing”, CHAO Art Center, Beijing, China
  • Useless space, Shanghai, China
  • “Out of Ink: Interpretations from Chinese contemporary art”, Pera Museum, Istanbul, Turkey
  • “China Landscape: Selections from the Taikang Collection 2019”, 798 Art Zone, Beijing, China
  • “Evolutionary Tradition – Asian contemporary Printmaking Exhibition”, Museum of Sichuan Fine Arts Institute, Chongqing, China
    2018

  • “Chengdu x the Central Pompidou: ‘Cosmopolis #1.5: Enlarged Intelligence’ ” Eastern Suburb Memory, Chengdu, China
  • “Duration, Passage, Persistence, Survival” Cornell Council for the Arts 2018 Biennial, The Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Ithaca, USA
  • “Divided We Stand, Museum of Contemporary” 2018 Busan Biennale, Art Busan, Busan, Korea
  • “Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennial, Echigo-Tsumari Art Field”, Niigata, Japan
  • “INTERSECTION: International Art and Culture”, Arthur M. Sackler Museum of Art and Archaeology at Peking University, Beijing, China
  • “Yukihito Tabata with Chinese Contemporary Art (1989-2018)”, Tokyo Gallery + BTAP, Beijing, China
  • “New Ink Art in China 1978 – 2018”, Beijing Minsheng Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Video Collage-Found Footage – Shared Moving Image” 4th Shenzhen Independent Animation Biennale, OCT-LOFT, Shenzhen, China
  • “40×40:From 1978 to 2018 – Shaped by 40 Artists Art History”, Powerlong Art Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “Troubled Intentions Ahead: Confusing Public and Private” 3rd Beijing Photo Biennial, The Culture Industry Center of Beizhen, Beizhen, Museum of Central Academy of Art, Beijing, China
  • “Turning Point – 40 Years of Chinese Contemporary Art”, Long Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “LOVE Long: Robert Indiana and Asia”, Asia Society Hong Kong Centre, Hong Kong, China
  • “All Things Grow”, Fuyan Commune, Beijing, China
    2017

  • “Art and China after 1989: Theater of the World”, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
  • “LANDMARK: Mapping Contemporary Chinese Art”, Guardian Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “The Research Exhibition of Chinese Contemporary Art Master’s Manuscripts (First Chapter)”, Triumph Gallery, Beijing, China
  • “Asian Impression: Chinese, Japanese and South Korean Contemporary Art Exhibition”, Long Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “Today’s Yesterday: The rhetoric of family tree” Anren Biennale, Anren, Chengdu, China
  • “BEING INFORMATION”, SSSSTART, Shanghai, China
  • “Maitreya Karuna & Prajna”, Shanghai Gallery of Art, Shanghai, China
  • “57th Venice Biennale Collateral Event-Memory and Contemporaneity”, Arsenale, Tese 98-99, Venice, Italy
  • “Baton: Works of Intangible Cultural Heritage Works Presented to Elementary School Students and the Exhibition of Fine Art Education Achievement from ‘Professional Fine Art Grads Participating in Educating the Elementary School Student’ Program”, Shandong Art Gallery, Jinan, China
  • “Collage: The Card Player”, Shanghai Gallery of Art, Shanghai, China
  • “NordArt 2017 – Xu Bing: Poenix”, NordArt, Büdelsdorf, Germany
  • “Luther and the Avantgarde; Contemporary Art in Wittenberg, Berlin and Kassel”, Old Prison, Wittenberg, Germany
  • “Imaginary Asia”, Nam June Paik Art Center, Yongin City, Korea
    2016

  • “Revisiting the Mustard Seed Garden: A Dialogue between ‘Mustard Seed Garden Manual’ and the Contemporary Artists”, National Museum of Classic Books, Beijing, China
  • “Shanghai Project”, Shanghai Himalayas Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “From Painting to Animation”, Suzhou Jinji Lake Art Museum, Suzhou, China
  • “Pulse Reaction II: Discussions on Reality and Realism”, Guangdong Times Museum, Guangzhou, China
  • “Shan Shui Within”, MoCA Shanghai, Shanghai, China
  • “Post-Intellectualism”, Spring Space of Art, Beijing, China
  • “Readymade Paintings”, Ying Art Center, Shanghai, China
  • “Utopia / Heterotopias — Wuzhen Contemporary Art Exhibition”, West Scenic Area, Tongxiang City, China
  • “The Echo of Civilization- Traversing Dunhuang”, Imperial Ancestral Temple Gallery, Beijing, China
  • “Linguistic Pavilion”, Mingsheng Art Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “What About Art?” Contemporary Art from China, Qatar Museum, Doha, Qatar
  • “MashUp: The Birth of Modern Culture”, Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
  • “Beyond Words: Calligraphic Traditions of Asia”, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Australia
  • “The Second China Design Exhibition-Public Art Thematic Exhibition”, Guan Shanyue Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
    2015

  • “The Character of Characters”, Open Art Biennale, Örebro, Sweden
  • “A New Dynasty- Created in China”, ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum, Aarhus, Denmark
  • “Three and One Thirds”, Kylin Contemporary Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “The Translator’s Voice”, MARCO, Museo de Arte Contemporánea de Vigo, Vigo, Spain
  • “All the World’s Futures”, 56th International Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
  • “Along the Line”, Hermes Art Center, Tokyo, Japan
  • “CHINA 8: Contemporary Art from China in the Rhine and Ruhr”, Travelling exhibition, Germany
  • “Fervent China: Contemporary Monumental Sculptures”, Old Slaughterhouse, Mons, Belgium
  • “Tu dois changer ta vie”, Lille 3000, Lille, France
  • “Moving in Time: B3 Plus Beijing”, Museum of Central Academy of Art, Beijing, China
  • “B3 Biennale”, Expanded Senses, Frankfurt, Germany
  • “New Contemporary”, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA
  • “First Look: Collecting Contemporary At the Asian”, Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, USA
    2014

  • “Out of Character: Decoding Chinese Calligraphy- Selections from the Collection of Akiko Yamazaki and Jerry Yang”, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA
  • “Secret Signs: Calligraphy in Chinese Contemporary Art”, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany
  • “Whorled Exploration”, Kochi-Muziris Biennale 2014, Kochi, India
  • “Unscrolled: Reframing Tradition in Chinese Contemporary Art”, Vancouver Art Gallery, Canada
  • “Neo-Mōrōism”, Beijing Tokyo Art Project, Beijing, China
  • “The Third Criticism: Criticism through artistic language”, Times Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “2014 1st Chinese Printmaking Exhibition”, China Engraving Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
  • “Beyond Limits sculpture exhibition”, Sotheby’s Annual Sculpture Selling Exhibition, Chatsworth, Derbyshire, UK
  • “Writing Landscape: 660 Years Since Huang Gongwang’s Departure”, Changshu Arts Gallery, Suzhou, China
  • “West Says East Talks- Chinese Contemporary Art Research Exhibition”, United Art Museum, Wuhan, China
  • “Future Returns: Contemporary Art from China”, Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum, East Lansing, USA
  • “Master Mould and Copy Room”, Museum of Central Academy of Art, Beijing, China
  • “Myth / History”, Yuz Collection of Contemporary Art, Shanghai, China
  • “Bloom: ESLITE GALLERY 25th Anniversary”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Art in the City Exhibition”, K11 Art Space, Shanghai, China
  • “Reset Chinese Contemporary Art”, Soka Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “Spiritual As Mountains”, Pearl Lam Galleries, Hong Kong, China
  • “Art in The City: Book about the Book from the Ground”, BANK / Mabsociety, Shanghai, China
  • “Breeze / Landscape: Invitation & Exhibition of Shangyuan Artists”, Shangyuan Art Museum, Beijing, China
    2013

  • “Rewriting the Landscape_India and China”, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea
  • “Between Character and Calligraphy – OCAT Xi’an Inaugural Exhibition”, OCAT Xi’an, Xi an, China
  • “Ink Art: the Past as Present in Contemporary China”, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, USA
  • “Collateral Event of The 55th International Art Exhibition – La Biennale Di Venezia – The Grand Canal”, Museo Diocesano, Sale Espositive, Venice, Italy
  • “The 55th International Art Exhibition – La Biennale Di Venezia – Ingrandimento”, Palazzo Mora, Venice, Italy
  • “Insightful Charisma”, Himalayas Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “@what – New Contemporary Art form China”, Art MIA Foundation, Beijing, China
  • “Form gesture to language”, Rockbund Art Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “Chinese Contemporary Art Documenta – Contemporary art and process of the society”, Circle Art Center, Shenzhen, China
  • “The World of Soul: As Virtual Art Engineering”, OCT-LOFT, Shenzhen, China
  • “Destruction and Creation”, Soka Art Center, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Extension- 2013 Datong 2nd International Sculpture Biennale”, Shanxi, China
    2012

  • “Real Life Stories”, KodeBergen, Bergen, Norway
  • “Between Character & Calligraphy”, OCT Contemporary Art Terminal, Shenzhen, China
  • “Print / Out”, MoMA, New York, USA
  • “The Printed Image in China, 8th-21st Century”, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA
  • “Paperless”, Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art, Winston-Salem, USA
  • “House of Cards”, Waddesdon Manor, Buckinghamshire, UK
  • “Ink As Model”, Sanchuan Museum, Nanjing, China
  • “Cryptograph: An Exhibition for Alan Turing”, Spencer Museum of Art, Lawrence, USA
  • “Book from the Sky”, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, USA
  • “Out of Character: Decoding Chinese Calligraphy”, Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, USA
  • “The Imminence of Poetics: 30th Sao Paolo Biennale”, Brazilian Art Museum- FAAP, Sao Paolo, Brazil
  • “Do a Book”, White Space, Beijing, China
    2011

  • “Start from the Horizon: Chinese Sculpture Since 1978”, Sishang Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “CAFAM Biennale- Super Organism”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Shanshui – Poretry without Sound? Landscape in Chinese Contemporary Art – Works from Sigg Collection”, Kunstmuseum Luzern, Luzern, Switzerland
  • “Collateral Event of The 54th International Art Exhibition – La Biennale Di Venezia – Future Pass – From Asia to the world”, Abbazia di San Gregorio / Palazzo Mangilli – Valmarana, Venice, Italy
  • “The Second Academic Exhibition of Chinese Contemporary Prints – Print . Concept”, Today Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “A Schema for Printmaking”, Contemporary by Angela Li, Hong Kong, China
  • “Expression of Chinese Contemporary Art”, Today Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “The Significance of Plurality: Chinese Contemporary Printmaking Exhibition”, Cairo International Convention and Exhibition Centre, Cairo, Egypt
    2010

  • “Life / Art Season”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Something Out of Nothing – Ink and Design Exhibition”, Hong Kong Central Library, Hong Kong, China
  • “Fresh Ink: Ten Takes on Chinese Tradition”, Museum of Fine Arts Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  • “Open Studio”, Getty Artists Program, Los Angeles, USA
  • “Courier”, University Art Museum, University at Albany, New York, USA
  • “ZAOXING – Artwork from the Faculty of the Central Academy of Fine Arts”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Awakening: A Group Exhibition of 15 Artists”, Shanghai Expo China Theme Pavilion, Shanghai, China
  • “The Constructed Dimension – 2010 Chinese Contemporary Art Invitational Exhibition”, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
  • “The Printed Image in China: From the 8th to the 21st Centuries”, British Museum, London, UK
  • “Reshaping History: Chinart from 2000 to 2009”, National Convention Center, Beijing, China
  • “Dead or Alive”, Museum of Arts and Design, New York, USA
  • “The Question of Landscape”, Princeton University Art Museum, New Jersey, USA
  • “The Official Opening of Minsheng Art Museum-Thirty Years of Contemporary Chinese Art”, Minsheng Art Museum, Shanghai, China
    2009

  • “Central Academy of Fine Arts 60 years of Drawing”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Museum, Beijing, China
  • “First Linzhou Chinese Ink Biennale”, Shanghai Duolun Museum of Modern Art, Shanghai, China
  • “Out of Bounds: Art from the Collection of Driek and Michael Zirinsky”, Whatcom Museum of History and Art, Washington, USA
  • “In Print”, Dialogue Space, Beijing, China
  • “Collision – Experimental Cases of Contemporary Chinese Art”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Museum, Beijing, China
  • “WRITE NOW!”, Klingspor-Museum, Offenbach, Germany
  • “HERE+NOW: Chinese Artists in New York”, Museum of Chinese in America, New York, USA
  • “Calligraffiti: Writing in Contemporary Chinese and Latino Art”, Pacific Asia Museum, Pasadena, USA
  • “In the 1980s – Wen Pulin Archive of Chinese Avant-garde Art Exhibition”, Shanghai Duolun Museum of Modern Art, Shanghai, China
  • “Fourth Fukuoka Asian Triennale”, Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan
  • “Contemporary Prints: 1999 – 2009”, Today Art Gallery, Beijing, China
  • “First International Exhibition of Contemporary Science and Art”, China International Exhibition Center, Beijing, China
  • “19 Games”, T. Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “I want to talk to you”, T. Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “Beaufort 03 – Art by the Sea”, Leopold Park, Oostende, Belgium
  • “The China Project – Three Decades: The Contemporary Chinese Collection”, Queensland Art Gallery / Gallery of Modern Art (GoMA), Queensland, Australia
  • “China’s Revision”, East Station Gallery, Beijing, China
  • “Recompositions”, Xing Dong Cheng Space for Contemporary Art, Beijing, China
  • “Twenty-year Anniversary of China/Avant-Garde Exhibition”, Wall Art Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Twinkle Twinkle Red Star”, Contemporary by Angela Li, Hong Kong, China
    2008

  • “Text / Messages: Books by Artists”, Medtronic Gallery / Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA
  • “Lovely Blossoms and Full Moon”, Yuz Museum, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • “Woodcuts in Modern China, 1937-2008: Towards a Universal Pictorial Language”, Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University, Hamilton, USA
  • “China’s ReVision”, Ludwig Museum, Koblenz, Germany
  • “Prospect.1 New Orleans”, New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans, USA
  • “Contemporary Ink Art Evolution”, Museum of Contemporary Art, Beijing, China
  • “Form, Ideas, Essence, Rhythm: Contemporary East Asian Ink Painting”, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “West to the East: the Aesthetic Context of Intellectuals”, SZ Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “Second Lives: Remixing the Ordinary”, Museum of Arts and Design, New York, USA
  • “People, History; Exhibition of Studies of Chinese Art of the 20th Century”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Sixth Shenzhen Contemporary Sculpture Exhibition: A Vista of Perspectives”, OCT-Contemporary Art Terminal, Shenzhen, China
  • “Mahjong: Contemporary Chinese Art from the Sigg Collection”, Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, California, USA
  • “Shanghai MoCA Envisage II – Butterfly Dream”, Shanghai MoCA, Shanghai, China
  • “Art and China’s Revolution”, Asia Society Museum, New York, USA
  • “Accelerate: Chinese Contemporary Art”, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore
  • “Digital Safari: International ‘New Media’ Exhibition”, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, USA
  • “A Vista Of Perspectives”, OCT Contemporary Art Terminal, Chengdu, China
  • “Human / Nature: Artists Respond to a Changing Planet”, San Diego Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego, USA
  • “Sedimentation: The New Spirit of the East”, Asia Art Center, Beijing, China
  • “Half-Life of a Dream: Contemporary Chinese Art from the Logan Collection”, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
  • “Reason’s Clue”, Lin & Keng Gallery, Beijing, China
  • “Chinese Gardens for Living: Illusion into Reality”, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, Germany
  • “Synthetic Times: Media Art China 2008”, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
  • “East West Dialogue: Mysticism, Satire, and the Legendary Past”, Leila Taghinia-Milani Heller Gallery, New York, USA
  • “3rd China Media Art Festival”, China Academy of Art, Hangzhou, China
  • “Modern Chinese Art: The Khoan and Michael Sullivan Collection: A New Generation”, Asia House, London, UK
  • “The Yi School: Thirty Years of Chinese Abstract Art”, CaixaForum, Madrid, Spain
  • “China macht Druck: Zeitgenössische Chinesische”, DruckgrafikStädtische Galerie, Bietigheim-Bissingen, Germany
  • “Person of the Crowd: The Contemporary Art of Flânerie”, Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase College, New York, USA
    2007

  • “Reconfiguration: Chinese Contemporary Art”, National University of Singapore Museum, Singapore
  • “The Sixth Shenzhen Contemporary Sculpture Exhibition: A Vista of Perspectives”, He Xiangning Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
  • “Succession, Deduce, Soak Water, Ink, World of Monochrome”, Former Sakamoto Elementary School, Ueno Town art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
  • “85 New Wave: The Birth of Chinese Contemporary Art”, Ullens Center for Contemporary Art, Beijing, China
  • “Outside the Book”, Arizona Museum for Youth, Mesa, USA
  • “Transformations: Traditional and Contemporary Chinese Art in Dialogue”, Center Gallery, Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, USA
  • “14th Tallinn Print Triennial: Political/Poetical”, Kumu Art Museum, Tallinn, Estonia
  • “China Now”, Cobra Museum of Modern Art, Amstelveen, The Netherlands
  • “Energies—Synergy”, Foundation De 11 Lijnen, Oudenburg, Belgium
  • “Made in China: Contemporary Art from the Estella Collection”, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel; Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Denmark
  • “Sumi-e Society of America Annual Exhibition”, Jeanie Tengelsen Gallery, Art League of Long Island, New York, USA
  • “Reboot: The Third Chengdu Biennale”, Chengdu Contemporary Art Museum, Chengdu, China
  • “Transliteration / Arrogance & Romance”, Ordos Art Museum, Ordos, China
  • “Rejected Collection”, Ke Center for Contemporary Art, Shanghai, China
  • “Contemporary Combustion: Chinese Artists in America”, New Britain Museum of American Art, New Britain, USA
  • “Automatic Update”, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
  • “Metamorphosis: The Generation of Transformation in Chinese Contemporary Art”, Tampere Art Museum, Tampere, Finland
  • “Landscape and Memory II”, Haines Gallery, San Francisco, USA
  • “Just Words: Xu Bing, Hong Hao and Xie Xiaoze”, Morono Kiang Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
  • “The Politics of Fear”, Albion Gallery, London, UK
  • “Chinglish”, Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong, China
  • “Second Moscow Biennale of Contemporary Art: We are Your Future”, Moscow, Russia
  • “Pig”, Gallery 4A, Asia-Australia Arts Centre, Sydney, Australia
  • “Acquired Tastes: 200 Years of Collecting for the Boston Athenaeum”, Boston Athenaeum, Massachusetts, USA
    2006

  • “Moment by Moment: Meditations of the Hand”, North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks, USA
  • “Pictograms: The Loneliness of Signs”, Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
  • “Shu: Reinventing Books in Contemporary Chinese Art”, China Institute Gallery, New York; Seattle Asian Art Museum, Seattle; Honolulu Academy of Arts, Honolulu, USA
  • “China Now”, Sammlung Essl Kunst der Gegenwart, Klosterneuburg, Vienna, Austria
  • “Han Zi Reinvented: The Rhythm of Chinese Script”, Main Art Gallery, California State University, Fullerton, USA
  • “Travelers Between Cultures”, Visual Arts Center of New Jersey, Summit, USA
  • “Gwangju Biennale: Fever Variations”, Gwangju, South Korea
  • “Belief: Singapore Biennale 2006”, National Museum of Singapore, Singapore
  • “Brush and Ink: the Chinese Art of Writing”, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA
  • “Millennium Dialogue 2006: Code: Blue”, 3rd Beijing International New Media Art Exhibition and Symposium, China Millennium Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Art Game: An Experience of Agency in Contemporary Art”, He Xiangning Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
  • “Found in Translation: An Exhibition of Artist Books and Multi-Media Work”, San Francisco Center for the Book, San Francisco, USA
  • “Transboundary Experiences: An Exhibition of Contemporary Art from China, Korea, and Japan”, Spool Mfg, Johnson City, USA
  • “On the Edge: Contemporary Chinese Artists Encounter the West”, Davis Museum and Cultural Center, Wellesley College, Wellesley, USA
  • “New Chinese Occidentalism: Chinese Contemporary Art in New York”, Ethan Cohen Fine Arts, New York, USA
  • “Create History: Commemorating Exhibition Chinese Modern Art in 1980s”, He-Xiangning Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
    2005

  • “The Other End: Designs in Contemporary Experimental Art”, He Xiangning Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
  • “The Act of Writing and of Non-Writing: The Open Space for Chinese Calligraphy: International Exhibition of Modern Calligraphy”, Hangzhou, China
  • “First Exhibition of American Research Association of Eastern and Western Arts”, Famous Artists Gallery, New York, USA
  • “The Wall: Reshaping Contemporary Chinese Art”, Millennium Art Museum / Today Art Museum, Beijing, China; traveled to Albright-Knox Art Gallery, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, USA
  • “Landmark: PICA’s 10th Anniversary Visual Exhibition”, Portland Institute for Contemporary Art (PICA), Portland, USA
  • “The Art of Giving: A Selection of Donations to the Hong Kong Museum of Art”, Hong Kong Museum of Art, Hong Kong, China
  • “H C Andersen på kinesisk”, Nordjyllands Kunstmuseum, Aalborg, Denmark
  • “The Elegance of Silence: Contemporary Art from East Asia”, Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Critic’s Choice”, Foundation for Art & Creative Technology, Liverpool, UK
  • “Collection Remixed”, Bronx Museum of the Arts, New York, USA
  • “Text Me: An Exploration of Body Language”, Sherman Galleries, Sydney, Australia
    2004

  • “4th International Ink Painting Biennial of Shenzhen”, Shenzhen Museum of Art and the Shenzhen Fine Art Institute, Shenzhen, China
  • “Heart Prints: Contemporary Chinese Calligraphy: Guo Dan, Xing Fei, Zhang O, Zhao Suikang, Gu Wenda, Xu Bing, Chiu Chunchao, Meng Hsienchi and Harrison Xinshi”, Bard College, New York, USA
  • “Reinventing Tradition in a New World: The Arts of Gu Wenda, Wang Mansheng, Xu Bing and Zhang Hongtu”, Schmucker Art Gallery, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, USA
  • “Out of Time, Out of Place, Out of China: Reinventing Chinese Tradition in a New Century”, Pittsburgh University Art Gallery, Pittsburgh, USA
  • “26th São Paulo Biennial”, Pavilhão Ciccillo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • “Ostwind / East Wind”, Museum Franz Gertsch, Burgdorf, Switzerland
  • “CAFE in Mito 2004: Communicable Action for Everybody”, Contemporary Art Center, Art Tower Mito, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Open House: Working in Brooklyn”, Brooklyn Museum, New York, USA
  • “Cinesi: artisti fra tradizione e presente”, Pinacoteca Provinciale, Potenza, Italy
  • “Artes Mundi: Wales International Visual Art Prize 2004 Exhibition”, National Museum & Gallery, Cardiff, UK
  • “Regeneration: Contemporary Chinese Art from China and the US”, Samek Art Gallery, Bucknell University, Pennsylvania, USA; traveled to Jean Paul Slusser Gallery, School of Art & Design, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA; David Winton Bell Gallery, Brown University, Providence, USA; Ben Maltz Gallery, Otis College of Art and Design, Los Angeles; Arizona State University Art Museum, Tempe,USA; Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, USA; Ewing Gallery of Art and Architecture, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA; University of Virginia Art Museum, Charlottesville, Virginia
  • “Gu Xiong and Xu Bing: Here Is What I Mean”, Museum London, Ontario, Canada
  • “Beyond Boundaries”, Shanghai Gallery of Art, Shanghai, China
    2003

  • “Nowa Strefa Sztuka Chińska / New Zone Chinese Art”, Zacheta Gallery, Warsaw, Poland
  • “Chinese Printmaking Today”, British Library, London, UK
  • “TypO: Writing with Style”, Foundation for Art & Creative Technology, Liverpool, UK; Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
  • “Radical Line: Innovation in Chinese Contemporary Painting”, Bowling Green State University Fine Arts Center, Bowling Green, USA
  • “Happiness: A Survival Guide for Art and Life”, Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
  • “The Invisible Thread: Buddhist Spirit in Contemporary Art”, Snug Harbor Culture Center, New York, USA
  • “First Beijing International Art Biennale”, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
  • “Left Hand, Right Hand”, 798 Space, Beijing, China
  • “Harmony vs. Confrontation”, Art Beatus Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
  • “Residency Project of International Renowned Visual Artists Exhibition”, Hong Kong Arts Centre, Hong Kong, China
  • “Love and / or Terror”, University of Arizona Museum of Art, Tucson, USA
  • “Half a Century of Chinese Woodblock Prints: From the Communist Revolution to the Open-Door Policy and Beyond, 1945-1998”, Daejeon Municipal Museum of Art, Daejeon, South Korea
  • “For the Record: Drawing Contemporary Life”, Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
  • “Skowhegan Faculty Exhibition”, Institute of Contemporary Art, Maine College of Art, Portland, USA
  • “Drawing the Line: Contemporary Artists Reassess Traditional East Asian Calligraphy”, Pacific Asia Museum, Pasadena, USA
  • “Der Rest Der Welt, Neuffer am Park”, Pirmasens, Germany
  • “Austral-Asia: Zero Three”, Sherman Galleries, Sydney, Australia
  • “Cyber Asia: Media Art in the Near Future”, Hiroshima Museum of Contemporary Art, Hiroshima, Japan
    2002

  • “ES 2002 Tijuana, Segunda Bienal Internacional de Estandartes”, Centro Cultural, Tijuana, Mexico
  • “4th Shanghai Biennale”, Shanghai Art Museum, Shanghai, China
  • “Overt Operation”, Joseph Helman, New York, USA
  • “First Guangzhou Triennial: Reinterpretation: A Decade of Experimental Chinese Art 1990-2000”, Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangzhou, China
  • “Global Priority”, Jamaica Center for Arts & Learning, New York, USA
  • “China–Tradition und Moderne”, Ludwig Galerie Schloss Oberhausen, Germany
  • “Paris-Pékin”, Espace Cardin, Paris, France
  • “Harvest: Contemporary Art Exhibition”, The National Agriculture Museum, Beijing, China
  • “Asia Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art”, Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane, Australia
  • “CAFE in Mito (Communicable Action for Everybody)”, Contemporary Art Center, Art Tower Mito, Mito, Japan
  • “China’s Changing Culture and Enduring Heritage”, New York Chinese Scholar’s Garden, Staten Island Botanical Garden, New York, USA
  • “Chinese Contemporary Art Exhibition”, Gwangju Art Museum, Gwangju, Korea
  • “Flag Art Festival: Poetry of the Winds”, World Cup Park, Seoul, South Korea
  • “Biennale of Sydney”, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia
  • “Hard to Read”, Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College, New York, USA
  • “Contemporary Brush Strokes: New York Artists From China”, China 2000 Fine Art, New York, USA
  • “ARCO 2002: Asian Party, Global Game II”, Madrid, Spain
  • “Project 3”, Elga Wimmer PCC, New York, USA
  • “Avant Garde Calligraphy”, Arvada Center for the Arts and Humanities, Arvada, USA
    2001

  • “Artists’ Books: Highlights from the Kohler Art Library”, Memorial Library, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, USA
  • “Tracing: Works on Paper by Chinese Contemporary Artists”, Fosdick-Nelson Gallery, Alfred University School of Art and Design, Alfred, USA
  • “A Shriek from an Invisible Box”, Meguro Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Brooklyn!”, Palm Beach Institute of Contemporary Art, Lake Worth, USA
  • “Bogus: Counterfeit Images and Contemporary Art”, Castle Gallery, College of New Rochelle, New York, USA
  • “China without Borders: An Exhibition of Chinese Contemporary Art”, Sotheby’s, New York, USA
  • “Half-om-half: Kunst-vee-geshiedenis [Art-Cattle-History]”, Van Reekum Museum en Historisch Museum Apeldoorn, Apeldoorn, The Netherlands
  • “Translated Acts: Performance and Body Art from East Asia”, Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin, Germany; Queens Museum of Art, New York, USA; Museo de Arte Carrillo Gil, Mexico City, Mexico
  • “Give & Take”, Serpentine Gallery; Victoria & Albert Museum, London, UK
  • “Media Messages: Look Through Language”, Sendai Mediatheque, Sendai, Japan
    2000

  • “Drawings & Photographs”, Matthew Marks Gallery, New York, USA
  • “The Book & the Computer: New Parameters across Time and Space”, Ginza Graphic Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Von Matisse bis Morimura”, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
  • “If I Had a Dream: Four Chinese Artists in Berlin”, Künstlerhaus Bethanien, Berlin, Germany
  • “Delicate Balance: Six Routes to the Himalayas”, Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki, Finland
  • “Palimpsest”, Fuller Museum of Art, Boston, USA
  • “Biennale of Sydney”, Sydney, Australia
  • “Word and Meaning: Six Contemporary Chinese Artists”, University of Buffalo Art Gallery, New York, USA; Trisolini Gallery and University Art Gallery, Ohio University, Athens, USA
  • “EV+A 2000: Friends and Neighbours”, Exhibition of Visual Art 2000, Limerick City Gallery Of Art, Limerick, Ireland
    1999

  • “Birth 2000 / 1990”, Musōkan, Kobe, Japan
  • “Zeitwenden—Ausblick”, Kunstmuseum, Bonn, Germany
  • “Projects 70”, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
  • “Kunstwelten im Dialog: Von Gauguin zur globalen Gegenwart”, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
  • “Babel: Contemporary Art and the Journeys of Communication”, Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, UK
  • “Asiart Asian Contemporary Art: Biennale d’Arte Contemporanea”, Genoa, Italy
  • “Third Asia-Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art”, Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane, Australia
  • “Contemporary East Asian Letter Arts”, Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, South Korea,
  • “Power of the Word”, Taiwan Museum of Art, Taichung, Taiwan; traveled to Faulconer Gallery, Grinnell College, Grinnell; Emerson Gallery Hamilton Collge, Clinton, New York, USA; University of Arizona Museum of Art, Tucson Arizona, USA; Tang Teaching Museum and Art Gallery, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, New York, USA
  • “Global Conceptualism: Points of Origin, 1950s –1980s”, Queens Museum of Art, New York, USA; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA; Miami Art Museum, Miami, USA
  • “Magnetic Writing / Marching Ideas”, IT Park Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “CON(TEXT): Words, Text, and Meaning in the Permanent Collection”, Bronx Museum of the Arts, New York, USA
  • “Spiral TV”, Spiral Garden, Tokyo, Japan
  • “First Fukuoka Asian Art Triennale”, Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan
  • “Half a Century of Chinese Woodblock Prints: from the Communist Revolution to the Open-Door Policy and Beyond, 1945 – 1998”, Museum of Art, Ein Harod, Israel; traveled to The Patrick and Beatrice Haggerty Museum of Art, Milwaukee, USA; University Art Gallery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, USA; Davison Art Center, Wesleyan University, Middletown, USA; Spencer Art Museum, University of Kansas, Lawrence, USA; Pannell Gallery of Sweet Briar College, New York, USA; Daura Gallery, Lynchburg College, Lynchburg, USA; Fundacao Oriente, Lisbon, Portugal; Rietberg Museum, Zurich, Switzerland; Rijksmuseum oor Volkenkunde, Leiden, The Netherlands; National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea
  • “Transience: Chinese Experimental Art at the End of the Twentieth Century”, David and Alfred Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago, Illinois; traveled to University of Oregon Museum of Art, Eugene, USA; the Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA
    1998

  • “Concerning Truth”, Gallery 400, School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, USA
  • “Plural Speech”, White Box Gallery, New York / Philadelphia, USA
  • “Kunst in Vrijheid / Art in Freedom”, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  • “Cinco continentes y una ciudad”, Museo de la Ciudad de México, Mexico City, Mexico
  • “Contemporary Chinese Art and the Literary Culture of China”, Lehman College Art Gallery, New York, USA; traveled to Bard College, New York, USA
  • “The Library of Babel: Characters / Books / Media”, ICC-Intercommunication Center, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Inside Out: New Chinese Art”, Asia Society Museum; PS1, New York, USA; traveled to San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and The Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, USA; El Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico; Tacoma Art Museum, Tacoma, USA; Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
  • “Autonomous Action: New Chinese Art on Video”, Artspace, Auckland, New Zealand
  • “Crossings / Traversées”, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
  • “Beyond the Form: The Deconstruction and Transformation of Chinese Characters”, Cork Gallery, Lincoln Center, New York, USA
  • “Taipei Biennial: Site of Desire”, Taipei Fine Art Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “Animal Anima Animus”, Pori Art Museum, Pori, Finland; traveled to Museum voor Moderne Kunst Arnhem, Arnhem, The Netherlands; PS1, Long Island City, USA; Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Canada
  • “Where Heaven and Earth Meet: Xu Bing and Cai Guo Qiang”, Bard College Center for Curatorial Studies, New York, USA
  • “Transatlántico: Disceminación, Cruce y Desterritorialización”, Centro Atlantico de Arte Moderno Museum, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
  • “New Installations by Xu Bing & Huang Yong Ping”, Art Beatus, Vancouver, Canada
  • “Unreadable Books New Letters”, Mitaka City Art Center, Mitaka, Japan
    1997

  • “Transformation, Second Johannesburg Biennale”, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • “Second Kwangju Biennale: Unmapping the Earth”, Kwangju, South Korea
  • “In Between Limits”, Sonje Museum of Contemporary Art, Kwangju, South Korea
  • “New China”, Jack Tilton Gallery, New York, USA
  • “New Generation of Asian Art”, Yonago City Museum of Art, Yonago City, Japan; Ehime Prefectural Museum of Art, Matsuyama, Japan
  • “Die anderen Modernen: Zeitgenössische Kunst aus Afrika, Asien und Latinamerika”, Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin, Germany
  • “Runt om oss, inom oss / Around Us, Inside Us”, Borås Konstmuseum, Borås, Sweden
  • “Peking University Centennial Calligraphy Exhibition”, Beijing, China
    1996

  • “Origin and Myths of Fire: New Art from Japan, China and Korea”, Museum of Modern Art, Saitama, Japan
  • “New Works: 963”, ArtPace International Artist in Residence Program, ArtPace, San Antonio, USA
  • “Interzones: A Work in Progress”, Kunstforeningen, Copenhagen, Denmark; traveled to Uppsala Konstmuseum, Uppsala, Sweden
  • “Fractured Fairy Tales: Art in the Age of Categorical Disintegration”, Duke University Museum of Art, Durham, USA
  • “China Avant Garde”, Gallery Q, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Godzilla at BMCC: And We Speak”, Shirley Fiterman Gallery, Borough of Manhattan Community College, New York, USA
    1995

  • Plexus Art & Communication, New York, USA
  • “File No 1: Conceptual Documents for Impossible Art”, SoHo Biennial 95, New York, USA / Group Show, Plexus Art & Communication, New York, USA
  • “Arts & Letters”, June Kelly Gallery, New York, USA
  • “Des Del Pais Del Centre: Avant-Gardes Artistiques Xineses”, Centre D’Art Santa Monica, Barcelona, Spain
  • “The Arts’ Environment: Eighty Photographs of Artists in Beijing, ‘92 – ‘94 by Xu Zhiwei”, Ammonal Gallery, Beijing, China
    1994

  • “Cocido y Crudo”, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
  • “Flesh & Ciphers”, Here Foundation, New York, USA
  • “Jumping Typography”, O Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Between East and West: Transformations of Chinese Art in the Late Twentieth Century”, Bridgeport, USA
  • “Flowering in the West”, Haenah-Kent Gallery, New York, USA
    1993

  • “Fragmented Memory: The Chinese Avant-Garde in Exile”, Wexner Center for the Visual Arts, Ohio State University, Ohio, USA
  • “45th Venice Biennale”, Venice, Italy
  • “China’s New Art: Post-1989”, Hong Kong Arts Centre, Hong Kong, China; traveled to Marlborough Fine Art, London, UK; Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia; Santa Monica Art Center, Santa Monica; Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Fort Wayne, USA; University of Oregon Museum of Art, Eugene, USA; Chicago Cultural Center, Chicago, USA; San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose, USA; Salina Arts Center, Salina, USA Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
  • “China Avant-Garde”, Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin, Germany; traveled to Kunsthal Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherland; The Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, UK; Kunsthallen Brandts Klaedefabrik, Odense, Denmark
    1992

  • “New Art From China”, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Queensland Art Gallery; City of Ballarat Fine Art Gallery; Canberra School of Art Gallery, Australia
  • “Looking for Tree of Life: A Journey to Asian Contemporary Art”, Museum of Modern Art, Saitama, Japan
  • “Desire for Words: An Exhibition of Installation Works by Xu Bing and Gu Wenda”, Hong Kong Arts Centre, Hong Kong, China
  • “Foreign Students’ Art Exhibition”, Warren M Lee Center for the Fine Arts, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, USA
  • “Library: A Book Artists’ Invitational Exhibition”, Granary Books, New York, USA
  • “From the Beginning of the Century to the End of the Century”, Lung Men Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan
    1991

  • “AAAC Annual: From ‘Star Star’ to Avant Garde – Nine Artists from China”, Asian American Arts Centre, New York, USA
  • “The Book as an Object of Art”, Hong Kong Arts Centre, Hong Kong, China
  • “‘I Don’t Want to Play Cards With Cézanne’ and Other Works”, Pacific Asia Museum, Pasadena, USA
    1990

  • “All China Youth Print Exhibition”, Shanghai Artists Gallery, Shanghai, China
    1989

  • “Special Exhibition: Contemporary Chinese Art ‘Now’”, Tokyo Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Toward the 1990s: Documents on Contemporary Chinese Art”, Gallery K and Gallery Kobayashi, Tokyo, Japan
  • “Mainland Youth Printmakers”, San Yuan Se Art Center, Taipei, Taiwan
  • “China / Avant-Garde”, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
  • “National Calligraphy Artists Exhibition Commemorating the 90th year of Comrade LI Lisan’s birth”, Hunan, China
  • “Seventh National Art Exhibition”, China
    1988

  • “Paris-Pekin”, Palais des Etudes, Paris, France
  • “Fourth Internationale Triennale der Zeichnung”, Kunsthalle Nürnberg, Nuremberg, Germany
  • “Great Earthquake” Performance Program, the Great Wall of China, Beijing, China
    1987

  • “Exhibition of Sichuan Worker Daily Collection, for the 5th Anniversary of the Newspaper’s Reinstatement”, Chengdu, China
  • “Gravures de Dix Artistes Chinois”, Le Club du Livre Chinois, Palais des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland
  • “Contemporary Prints from the People’s Republic of China”, Metropolitan Gallery, Portland, USA
  • “Ninth National Print Exhibition”, Beijing, China
  • “Biennial Capital Prints Exhibition”, Beijing, China
    1986

  • “Modern Chinese Prints from the Central Academy of Fine Arts”, British Museum, London, UK
  • “Four-Person Show: Xu Bing, Zhang Jun, Chen Qiang, Chen Jingrong”, Central Academy of Fine Arts Gallery, Beijing, China
  • “First International Asian-European Art Biennial”, Ankara Türkocağı Painting and Sculpture Museum, Ankara, Turkey
    1985

  • “Cent Gravures de l’Institut Central des Beaux-Arts de Pekin”, Palais des Etudes, Paris, France
  • “Exhibition of Works by Advancing Chinese Youth”, International Youth Organization, Beijing, China
    1984

  • “Invitational Exhibition of Prints from China”, Clark Arts Center Gallery, Rockford College, Rockford, USA
  • “Sixth National Art Exhibition”, Beijing, China
    1983

  • “Eighth National Print Exhibition”, Beijing, China
    1982

  • “Exhibition of Works by Members of the Chinese Artists Association”, Société des Artistes Français, Grand Palais, Paris, France
    1981

  • “Central Academy of Fine Arts Thesis Exhibition”, Beijing, China
  • “50 Ans de Gravures sur Bois Chinoises, 1930 – 1980”, Maison de la Culture de Grenoble, Paris, France
  • “People’s Republic of China Exhibition of Works of Central Institute of Fine Arts”, Beijing, China
  • “The Selections of Modern Prints of China in the Fifty Years from 1931 to 1981”, Shanghai, China
  • “Exhibition of China’s Modern Prints in Fifty Years: In Honour of the Centenary of LU Xun’s Birthday”, China
    1980

  • “Second National Young Artists’ Works Exhibition”, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
    1979

  • “Sixth National Print Exhibition”, Beijing, China
  • “In Celebration of the 30th Anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China”, Beijing, China
    1976

  • “National Exhibition”, Beijing, China
  • “City Exhibition”, Beijing, China
    1972

  • “Exhibition of High School Student Work”, Haidian District Cultural Department, Beijing, China

AWARDS

  • 2018 Agnès Varda AwardーStar of the Year,CAFA,China
  • 2017 FIPRESCI Prize, 2017 Locarno Film Festival, Switzerland
  • 2016 Chinese Contemporary Art Award (CCAA), China
  • 2015 2015 de FINE art honoree of the Savannah College of Art and Design, Savannah, USA
  • 2015 Art in Embassies (AIE) ーMedal of Arts, United States Department of State, USA
  • 2015 Liberty award, Lower Manhattan Cultural Council, USA
  • 2014 The spirit of the city award, Cathedral of St John the Divine, USA
  • 2013 Honorary Doctorate of Art + Design, Emily Carr University, Canada
  • 2012 The Washington Post lists Tobacco Project as one of the “Top 10 Works of Art and Architecture in 2011.”
  • 2010 Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters, Columbia University, USA
  • 2006 Southern Graphics Council Lifetime Achievement Award, USA
  • 2006 International Association of Art Critics Award for Best Installation or Single Work of Art in a Museum, USA
  • 2005 Youth Friends Award, New York City Department of Education and the School Art League, New York, USA
  • 2004 Artes Mundi: Wales International Visual Art Prize, UK
  • 2004 Coca-Cola Fellowship, American Academy in Berlin, Germany
  • 2003 Arts and Culture Prize, Fukuoka Asian Culture Prize, Japan
  • 1999 MacArthur Fellows Program Award, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, USA
  • 1998 Pollock-Krasner Foundation Grant, USA
  • 1996 ArtPace Foundation Resident Artist, USA
  • 1989 Huo Yingdong Education Foundation Award, China National Education Association, China

PUBLIC COLLECTIONS

  • Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
  • Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, Berkeley, USA
  • British Museum, London, UK
  • Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan
  • Harvard Art Museum, Cambridge, USA
  • Los Angeles, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, USA
  • Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
  • Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
  • National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
  • New York Public Library, New York, USA
  • Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, USA
  • Queensland Art Gallery, Queensland, Australia
  • San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
  • Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, USA
  • Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, USA
Click on each year's works

人間別有此字

文/翟永明

據稱古代文字是巫師創建的。最早的甲骨文,也是巫師占卜的工具。中國最早的造字祖宗蒼頡,就是一個巫師。在文字形成之初,參與者眾,流傳下來的,卻只有蒼頡。蒼頡造字就是參考世界萬物:「山川江海之狀、龍蛇鳥獸之跡」而成的。我們再從一個更廣的角度看:人類的文字都是由圖畫演進而來,文字之初,象形是最主要的態勢。

據說世界上現存文字有五千種,但卻以飛快的速度在消失。隨著全球化的到來,英語正在成為世界上最強勢的語言。不管你是否願意看到這個事實,它都以一種霸權的姿態,笑傲世界。全球化精英份子的一個標準,就是必須會「說英語」。用一位全球化問題研究者的話來說,就是:「只說英語,是大多數美國全球化者所享受的一種奢侈;不說英語,卻是世界各地很少有人吃得消的一種奢侈」。(如果你要進入一個全球化精英份子所棲息的世界,如果你不想「與世隔絕」的話)。

但是,無論英語如何強勢;它在英語國家之外,仍然只是一種精英文化。它也許將忽視、但卻不能取代另外一些族群的語言:處於全球化金字塔底層、但卻佔據最大人口的多數民族的語言。英語,要想成為全球化體系中,「趨於同一化」的語言,仍有它無法克服的障礙:那就是:你必須通過教育、通過認真學習,才能掌握它。這是一個快速世界所不耐煩的事。在這樣的一種背景下,一種新的交流方式產生了。

好幾年以來,對文字具有敏感知悟力的藝術家徐冰,注意到了一種新的國際通用「語言」標識。徐冰花了大量的時間和精力,搜集、歸納、整理了那些「已經被大量使用,具有共識基礎和語言性質的東西」。就是被他命名為「普天同文」的這一套識別字碼。徐冰多年來,「收集了上百張不同航空公司印製的機上安全說明書」,以及在日常生活中隨處可見,觸手可及的各類標識:「一種國際通用的圖形標識系統」,這裏面,包含所有的商標、圖示各種指示牌、說明書、網路圖形語言等,不一而足。「它是一種普天之下,講不同語言的人都可以識讀的文字」。據徐冰稱:「在這個過程中,我們不做任何的發明和編造,因為自然的語言文字,多是約定俗成的」。徐冰不但搜集整理了這套語言,還將用它來寫一部小說。同時,就象他的《英文方塊字書法》一樣,徐冰致力於將他的作品,服務于現實之中、為人所用。因此,他還設計了一個中英文的翻譯軟體,使這些「自然文字」,成為其他語言的中轉站。運用這套軟體,不同國藉不同語言的人們,就可以在網上聊天、表達和交流了。

徐冰將他搜集的這一套語言,設定為文學概念;而不是通常被我們熟知的藝術的定義。因此他的展出方式,也與傳統的展示方式,有所區別。作品不再是一個固態的、與空間有關的展示物;而是一個流動的、與時間有關係的文學性作品。他用這套語言,寫了一本傳統意義上的小說。並且,將以連載小說的形式,在一個雜誌上發表。最後將以一本書的形式,集結出版。

如果要把徐冰的最新作品《地書》,視作一種文字,而不是僅僅視作一件藝術作品,是需要花一些功夫,來論證其合理性的。比如它與主流文字的互文關係;如果把這一作品,僅僅視為藝術;它又是在當代社會中,已然流通、且流通甚廣的一種交流載體,早已為大多數人所熟知。似乎不能用傳統和主流的「藝術」概念來界定它。

當代藝術在近十來年的時間內,正在漸漸跨越「藝術」的原始含義。要搞清什麼是藝術,還不如先搞清什麼不是藝術。考察徐冰最近幾年的作品,就會發現,他的創作正漸漸模糊了「藝術」和「非藝術」的界限,並開始走向一些更實際、更社會化的功能性創作。

西方文明從古希臘開始,就有了「視覺中心主義」的痕跡。隨著現代社會視覺、技術向高科技發展,以及電訊、網路的迅速普及。大眾文化和消費文化,推動著圖像時代的真正到來。按照傑姆遜的說法:「後現代主義」的內容,就是「更多的圖像」。詞語已退到了一個邊緣的位置。比如:我曾經認為「可口可樂」這樣的譯名,簡直是天衣無縫,在中國,將其品牌推廣到了膾炙人口的程度。但實際情況是:過了不久,可口可樂公司就一勞永逸地選擇了將「Coca-Cola」英文,設計成一個圖形,並向全世界推廣。這樣,將語言的形聲,又變換成象形圖式。這樣的例子,幾乎是所有國際品牌的行銷方式,它們構成了新的一類象形文字。正是這樣的象形文字,促進和推動了全球化進程。

據稱聯合國某機構最近頒佈了經過標準局研究通過的、五十個將在全球通用的標準圖式。這五十個標準圖式,是從世界各地徵集來的,最容易識讀的標識;包括在一些公共場所早就通用的圖示。這些經過聯合國標準化了的語言,相信會很快被人們熟知、掌握和運用。在寫這篇文章的同時,我去了四川最偏遠的一個尚未開發的藏區,那裏人跡罕至,藏民們大多不會說漢語。但是在剛修好的公路旁,新建的廁所,居然使用的是機場通用的男女圖式,這讓我大為吃驚。事實上,象形文字中很大一部份,就是這樣「約定俗成」的。所以,我相信隨著現代化程度的不斷發展,這樣的看圖識字的語言,會越來越流行,越來越強大。

有兩千年歷史的中國文字,是世上唯一僅存的、由象形文字轉變成現代文字、且尚有世界上最多人口使用的語言。但是,一度也曾被視為影響中國發展的「落後文字」。 1931年在符拉迪沃斯托克召開的,吳玉章等人參加的中國新文字第一次代表大會,就通過了《中國漢字拉丁化的原則和規則》。那時便有人建議:拋棄方塊字外形,採用拼音文字。後來,文字學家唐蘭先生曾大膽設想:使用「新形聲字」—即保留漢字的形式,用拼音方式取代舊聲符,使之與現實的標準發音相結合。新中國之後,這一設想很快成為現實。記得1990年,在美國初次接觸到電腦時,我曾經疑惑使用注音的中文方塊字,能否進入電腦的技術化時代。不想,很快就有了各種各樣的漢字輸入法誕生,使我不得不驚歎中國文字的強大生命力。在今天,電腦的普及和全民使用率,使得像漢字這樣獨立發展、形體構造都與眾不同的漢字文化,受到新產生的形形色色的網路語言的衝擊和破壞,正如我在一篇文章中,曾這樣說過:「按鍵輸入、拼音輸入、語音輸入以及更多的輸入方式,是否正在改變中國文字的DNA」?最近,我越來越多地聽我那些使用拼音輸入方式的朋友說到:漸漸地,不太記得漢字了。有時候,還需要借助拼音,在電腦上查字。而更多的網路一族,則趨向於任意改造文字,尋找更快捷、更簡單的書寫形式,在這個過程中,電子一族,趨於取消和減少文字思維方式,而代之以更視覺化的、或更符號化的書寫方式。比如用標點符號構成的表情圖式、用阿拉伯數字代替漢字的簡易語、以及用英語、中文拼音拼綴而成的灌水詞典、新出現的火星文等等。文字、尤其是中文方塊字,已經越來越綜合、越來越混雜。

所以,象《地書》這樣的作品,是否也正在起到一個文化預警系統的作用,提醒我們:正視這種共用語言的品質和繁殖能力;同時也發現它對文字的存在功能,不可避免的削減。設想當這類標識文字,成為人類通用語言,文字的深層意義將不復存在;文字或者消亡、或者變成圖形的附庸—–一種商業化的標識文字的補充,而不是相反:變得更具有現實意義。在世界上,漢字有其獨特的魅力。科學家已研究出:漢字使用時,會同時調動起左右兩半腦的活力和創造性,使人的智商能夠得到激發。為此,美國已有許多人開始學習漢字。總之,在全球文化趨同的時代,怎樣保留中國文字的精華和優勢;又能使漢字適應全球化的發展趨勢,成為一個重要的課題。某種程度上,《地書》這樣的作品,正是起到了這樣的警示作用。

徐冰的許多作品是以中國文字為材料,他也持續關注東西方文化交流。但這一次的作品,卻是真正的全球「公眾性」的語言,超越了過去「東方-西方」、「全球-本土」「傳統-現代」「反叛-迎合」等兩元對立的概念。甚至也超越了政治正確或不正確的意識形態,是用一種更為獨立、科學的態度和視角,去考察一種註定會在人類文明進程中,起到關鍵作用的文化現象。

徐冰在論述他過去的作品《天書》,和這一系列被他稱為《地書》的作品時說:「這兩本書有共同之處 : 不管你講什麼語言,也不管你是否受過教育,它們平等地對待世界上的每一個人」。無論徐冰的初衷和理想如何,無論這些標識作品,怎樣表現出超越以往文字的人性化;「普天同文」的概念,確實也表達了全球化世界主義者普世一致的道德承諾。但「它」,仍不可能做到真正的普天同文。對於那些身處邊遠地帶,足不出戶;沒有現代生活經驗的老百姓來說,這種全球化視野中的文字,雖然沒有文化障礙;但它仍是文明高度發展的象徵(它們外表上很象、但絕不是真正的原始文字);它仍然只是進入了全球化世界族群的人們手持的入場巻。那些沒有搭上全球化這趟列車,因而被拋在路邊的人們,將仍然是文盲,和沒有精神家園的流浪漢。《地書》的出版,也將這樣一種現實和追問,呈現在閱讀它的人們面前。

SOLO EXHIBITIONS

  • 2012 “XU Bing: Book from the Sky to Book from the Ground”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2003 “Xu Bing”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2001 “Xu Bing: One-Man Show”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan

GROUP EXHIBITION

  • 2014 “Bloom: ESLITE GALLERY 25th Anniversary”, ESLITE GALLERY, Taipei, Taiwan